Although similar to many other kinds of West African weaving in its basic design, Kente cloth is unique in its intricacy and perfection, as well as the wide variety of colors used in the patterns. The short answer is that it depends. As is true with Kente cloth, Pangi has multi-colored vertical and horizontal stripes. Around the world, the unique patterns and colors are easily identifiable as a representation of West African culture. How Much Money is Appropriate for a Graduation Gift? Ashanti Akan Cultural Adowa Dance Group, 2010, Public Domain. To the person wearing or displaying the cloth, Kente carries an even deeper significance. Its origins date to 12th Century Ghana where the cloth was worn by kings, queens and important figures of state in Ghanaian society, during ceremonial events and special occasions. the Chief. Kente cloth, according to the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum, is a woven cloth made by the Asante and Ewe peoples in Western … "There are schools in Ghana [that] produce some of … Today, kente is made from cotton, rayon, and silk and is worn by many people, usually for special events like weddings, naming ceremonies, or funerals. In Akan culture, the different colors and intricate patterns used in the weaving do have traditional meanings. It is a fabric that symbolises the whole of Africa. Kente is exported as one of the key symbols of African heritage and pride in African ancestry throughout the diaspora. 9. While it’s not required to bring a gift to a graduation party, etiquette recomme... How Do You Throw a Cheap Graduation Party? For the artist, as the son and brother of professional kente weavers, the kente cloth has both personal meaning and symbolic power. Answered by: Who can wear a Kente stole? But Kente cloth also reflects the history of the Ashanti people, from the emergence of the various Ashanti kingdoms to the development of the slave trade up to and including contemporary life in Ghana. Silk was extremely costly as this fabric was imported into the Ashanti kingdoms through the trans-Saharan trade route, a route that stretched across the Sahara Desert from the West Coast of Africa to the Middle East and from there to Europe and Asia. The dangers of this crossing, even when traders used caravans of camels, were such that any and all goods transported this way came with a hefty price tag. Each pattern has a name and its own meaning. As was true of many pre-modern societies in Africa, Asia and Europe, the Ashanti practiced slavery. Hidden Meaning Behind the Design of Kente cloth The Kente cloth itself is so special and is accorded to a great deal of respect. Maroon men and child in Suriname. Tutu named the cloth "kente," meaning basket, and adopted the fabric as a royal cloth for special occasions. They wove a cloth first from white, and then black and white, fibers from a raffia tree. Around the world, the unique patterns and colors are easily identifiable as a representation of West African culture. However, what is perhaps most unique, and most important for understanding the Ashanti people’s use of this cloth, are the proverbs and stories attached to individual designs. It is made by weaving long strips that contain symbolic patterns. According to Ashanti legend, two farmers, Krugu Amoaya and Watah Kraban, from the village of Bonwire, came across a spider, Ananse, spinning a web. Kente cloth (Asante and Ewe peoples) This is the currently selected item. Press the space key then arrow keys to make a selection. Do you bring a gift to a graduation party? Similarly, the cloth designs are just as powerful cultural symbols that are the genuine product of Ghanaian history and philosophy. In the United States, Kente cloth was adopted by many African Americans in the civil rights movement, and later into hip hop fashion. In modern Ghana, the wearing of Kente cloth has become widespread to commemorate special occasions, with highly sought after Kente brands led by master weavers. The kente cloth symbolizes and celebrates prestige in many African societies. When Europeans, specifically the Portuguese, came into contact with the Ashanti during the sixteenth century, both Europeans and the Ashanti traded gold, ivory, and slaves. In modern day Ghana, where the tradition of weaving Kente cloth began centuries ago, it's a sign of national and ethnic pride, printed on shoes, bags, and clothing throughout the nation. The Ashanti are members of the Akan people who speak the Akan or Ashanti dialect. blue - peace, harmony, and love. Kente, (Akan: nwentoma ; Ewe: kete) refers to a Ghanaian and Togolese textile, made of handwoven cloth strips of silk and cotton. Kente is a brightly colored, banded material and is the most widely known cloth produced in Africa. Today, the emphasis on symbolism remains, although the materials of the cloth and its uses have evolved. Adapted from African tradition in Ghana, this woven cloth (which was once only worn by royalty) is a scarf-like garment worn over the shoulders. Kente cloth may symbolize the wearer’s status or mark a festive occasion. The cloth became so special that the kingdom adopted it as a royal piece of clothing reserved for special occasions. Choosing a selection results in a full page refresh. El Anatsui, Old Man’s Cloth. Prints may also have an anecdotal background. Many of these students will do so while wearing a Kente cloth stole. green - planting and plants, growth, renewal. It was then popularized among other tribes such as the Akyem, and the Fante. But as the production increased and more people became accessible to the cloth that they could trade it, Kente became a royal … Tutu named the cloth “kente,” meaning basket, and adopted the fabric as a royal cloth for special occasions. Tutu, who lived from 1660 to 1712 or … This gives each Kente design its own unique, symbolic value. Akans also refer to Kente as nwentoma, which means woven cloth. Today, Kente cloth is worn as academic stoles by many African American students during graduation ceremonies, the stoles presented to them individually during pre-commencement rituals called. The Kente cloth, traditionally made by the people of Ghana, is both beautiful and meaningful. The word “Kente” which means basket comes from the Akan or Ashanti dialect. There is a pattern to illustrate joy, a pattern for royalty, a pattern for newborn babies—nearly every important event in a person’s life can be expressed in Kente cloth patterns. After Democrats wore the cloth, The Daily Wire highlighted how various reports noted that the cloth typically signified patriotism or was worn to celebrate special celebrations. It can also represent a story, anecdote, or set of values. Today, for example, the Maroon people of Suriname weave a cotton cloth called Pangi that is comparable in style and design to the Kente cloth of their Ashanti ancestors. Although kente cloth is now identified with the Akan people in West Africa, and particularly the Asante Kingdom, the term originates with the neighboring Fante people. It may have even helped garner Ruth Carter the Oscar for Best Costume Design for "Bla What is a Kente stole? The Chief liked it so much that Kente cloth was from that day forward, kept and used only for special occasions. Kente cloth has evolved additional meaning to displaced Africans and their descendants around the world, for whom it symbolizes a unity with their ancestors and the overcoming of struggles throughout the African diaspora. Kente cloth is deeply intertwined with the history of the Ashanti nation. Join us on Facebook to get updates on new articles! Man on right draped in Different patterns of typical Ashanti Kente stripes. It is an iconic visual representation of the history, philosophy, ethics, oral literature, religious belief, social values, and political thought of West Africa. Why Kente Cloth Is Special Each kente cloth has meaning, which is conveyed through its colors, patterns and symbols. They then presented their cloth to the Ashanti Asantehene, or king, Nana Osei Tutu (who reigned from 1701 to 1717). Nancy Pelosi, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and other Democratic lawmakers were draped in scarves made from a cloth of colourful geometric Ghanaian designs called kente. Scientists tell us that Kente weaving probably grew out of earlier weaving traditions in the black - symbolizes maturity. On Tuesday night, Trevor Noah addressed the Democrats’ kente cloth fiasco as only he could. While the details of its origins are contested, the legend of Kente’s creation also plays an important role in the folklore of many Ghanaians. The Ashanti Empire or Confederacy, which was located in what is today Ghana, first emerged in West Africa during the seventeenth century. Rather than being made solely from silk, Kente is now made mostly of cotton, as well as rayon, making it affordable for a much wider reach of the population. Their attempt, however, appeared to many to fall flat. Democrats could be seen kneeling in unison, with most wearing Kente cloth — a special fabric with deep and meaningful origins rooted in West Africa — in a seeming attempt to show further solidarity with the black community. The proverb Dea emmaa da eno ne dea yennhunu na yennte bi da (Figure A) of the emaa da (novelty) print, for example, symbolizes knowledge, creativity, novelty, and innovation. So, while there is power in symbolism, there is also deep meaning for those who have traditionally worn garments, like kente cloth, that needs to also be respected. Kente cloth is special on many levels. A brief history of kente cloth would emphasize that it is the pride of Ghana, where it originated, and it is typically worn on special occasions, in part because the fabric, which is … This annual college ritual of marking oneself with a visible sign of Africa is a practice that literally weaves together the wisdom of Africa before the Middle Passage with the persistent struggle to (re)attain knowledge of oneself that defines Black experience in the Diaspora. what appears to be Pangi cloth, 1910-1935. In the past, Kente was only woven with silk yarn but these days you can have cotton and rayon; making it more available. Next lesson. Today, kente cloth is worn by community leaders and at special occasions like weddings and graduations. He explained further that the cloth signified “beauty and uniqueness.” The process of weaving a strip of kente cloth . The Asante and slave trade Tutu, who … According to International Traveller, the twelve most important colors are: Gold – Royalty, wealth, high status, glory and spiritual purity Traditionally handwoven with a wooden loom, the Kente cloth contains shapes and colors that have their own special significance in the larger web of shared cultural values. Historically the fabric was worn in a toga-like fashion by royalty among ethnic groups including the Ewe and Ashanti. Tutu named the cloth “kente,” meaning basket, and adopted the fabric as a royal cloth for special occasions. Silk fabric was originally used to make the interwoven sections of cloth. Graduation gowns should fit loosely and securely if ordered in the right size. All tribes in Ghana have, and wear, a unique Kente design. ... That is why we so often refer to a bloc called the ‘black community.’” Appearing everywhere from Wakanda to the U.S. Capitol, kente cloth is the best-known of all African textiles. Guinea. Real customer photos! In modern day Ghana, where the tradition of weaving Kente cloth began centuries ago, it's a sign of national and ethnic pride, printed on shoes, bags, and clothing throughout the nation. The Oyokoman na gya da mu (crisis in the Okoyo nation; Figure B) print, for example, symbolizes internal conflicts, the need for unity in diversity, and reconciliation. Kente cloth is special on many levels. In many ways, Anatsui’s work recalls traditional African kente cloth, which is made by weaving long strips into a patchwork whole. According to ChristDeKing whose actual name is Ernest Aburam, the Kente cloth Jean Mensa wore is called “Nyankonton” to wit, ‘God’s Eye’ or ‘Rainbow’. Kente cloth designs vary, with the different designs, colors, and patterns each having their own special meanings and stories. Memorial Head (Akan peoples) Akua’ba Female Figure (Akan peoples) El Anatsui, Untitled. Amazed by the web’s beauty, the farmers returned to their homes eager to try and recreate the web. Patterns are not only categorized by their association with a specific Ashanti proverb, they also have multiple meanings. Today, Kente cloth is worn as academic stoles by many African American students during graduation ceremonies, the stoles presented to them individually during pre-commencement rituals called Donning of the Kente. Tutu, who lived from 1660 to 1712 or 1717, unified several small Asante kingdoms to create the Asante empire. News peg. In the United States, Kente cloth was adopted by many African Americans in the civil rights movement, and later into hip hop fashion. Although the first kente cloth was made of raffia fibers, Kente cloth, which was associated with Ashanti royalty, was made of silk during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. A popular legend claims creators of kente cloth presented the cloth to Asantehene Osei Tutu, the Asante kingdom's first leader. Caption your senior photos with "Graduation Stole: @SankofaEdition" on FB and Instagram for a chance to be featured. Tutu named the cloth “kente,” meaning basket, and adopted the fabric as a royal cloth for special occasions. There, they created new communities that often adapted and/or continued traditions from the old world. Kente is an Akan royal and sacred cloth worn only in times of extreme importance and is the cloth of kings and nobility, before finding its way into bags, and scarves sold around the globe nowadays. Every pattern, color, and shape has a specific meaning, and arrayed together onto the cloth, combines to represent a singular narrative. There are more than 300 different patters of Kente cloth. What is novel is what we have not seen and heard before. Kente is a royal cloth won on special occasions. For instance, blue stands for "peace and harmony", green for "good health," yellow for "wealth and energy" and pink for "femininity" or caring/tenderness. Practice: El Anatsui, Old Man's Cloth. This trade route which dated back to at least 300 BCE crossed some of the most barren and desolate land in the world. Let me now tell you about Ghana's traditional kente cloth that uses those colours. Ashanti slaves were transported to the New World in large numbers. Kente is more than just a cloth. The colors and patterns of the kente cloth are chosen to fit the event. Yet it comes from my small west African country. Their leaders were so impressed with this new cloth that it became the royal cloth and was saved for special occasions. Living apart from Europeans, the Arawaks and the other peoples of Suriname may have allowed these slaves to retain many Ashanti traditions. I wear it at special family occasions and so does my mother, father and other relatives because it … Initially, in the past, Kente cloth was worn by and reserved for royalty and important people in the society and also for special occasions and ceremonies. Tutu, who lived from 1660 to 1712 or 1717, unified several small Asante kingdoms to create the Asante empire. Similar to standard graduation stoles, they typically represents some type of accomplishment, graduation or other rites of passage. 10. 15000 Potomac Town Place, Suite 100 #186, Woodbridge, VA 22191, USA, Use left/right arrows to navigate the slideshow or swipe left/right if using a mobile device, Kente cloth has evolved additional meaning to displaced Africans and their descendants around the world, for whom it symbolizes a unity with their ancestors and the overcoming of struggles throughout the African diaspora. The strong similarities between Pangi and Kente cloth undoubtedly reflect the fact that the Maroons in Suriname were escaped slaves who lived in their villages. My small West African country representation of West African culture weddings and graduations who. 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