Kammerling, Gems & Gemology, Vol. Although not as productive as large-scale production, they proved to be more cost-effective and sustainable. 2, p. 970, (1892). Mogok (Myanmar) (AFP) Burrowing deep underground, thousands of informal miners risk their lives to find gleaming red gems as a law change spurs opportunity in Myanmar's "land of rubies". The demand for Burmese rubies has existed for centuries. Translation of one of first reported visits to the mines near Mogok; the original document was written as a letter by an Italian Jesuit missionary sometime before 1833. 4, pp. 280-286). Period of the third lease, generally profitable (except 1909). 19-26, (1977). A short description is given of the mining operations around Mogok, and how rubies were bought and sold in the marketplace. 335-342, (1956). Add to this the protracted US embargo on goods from Myanmar and it is easy to understand why gem … Gübelin, Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 1, pp. These include Sagyin, Thabeitkyin, Naniazeik, Mogok and, most recently, Möng Hsu. The competitiveness of the Myanmar mining sector lags behind other countries due to lack of capital, poor quality equipment, low skills, and weak institutional support. MOGOK, Myanmar -- When the world hears about Mogok, it usually concerns some hefty ruby unearthed in the region and auctioned for millions of dollars -- … The Ruby Mines of Burma, G.S. The Mogok Stone Tract has produced spinel, apatite, scapolite, moonstone, zircon, garnet, iolite and amethyst gemstones. https://www.thenationalnews.com/lifestyle/luxury/is-the-burmese- Scott, "Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States," Vol. The Ruby Mines of Burmah, Author unknown, Chambers’s Journal, Vol. 66, No. 16, No. 7, pp. 4, pp. 7, p. 187, (1900). 7, No. 11, p. 7, (1899). More recent publications can often be found in libraries, including the Richard T. Liddicoat Gemological Library. 7, pp. This photo taken on May 16, 2019 shows miners arriving with equipment on motorcycles at a ruby mining site in Mogok, north of Mandalay. 24, No. The article presents an account of a visit to the mining operations at Mogok, and includes a number of historical photographs of the area. 1-8, (1902). Carlsbad, CA 92008 8, pp. On Some Minerals from the Ruby Mining District of Mogok, Upper Burma, F.D. 15, No. The following article is reprinted by kind permission of Gems & Gemology, in which the original appeared, Spring 1957 (Volume IX, Number 1). It also reviews efforts made to pacify the countryside and its people. A brief description of the mines is presented, with a comment of how to distinguish ruby from red spinel with a dichroscope. This short report describes the beginning and promising future of the ruby mining company in 1889, followed several years later by the failure to recover enough rubies to pay its operating expenses and the debts and royalties it owed to the Indian government for rights to operate a mining concession. Myanmar is the only source of Jadeite Jade and the only source of Imperial Jadeite in the world. 5, (17 February), pp. “The current ruby mining areas are rather exhausted, as we have been digging them for severa! 166-167, (1887). “Ruby and Sapphire,” R.W. 213-227, (1900). 2560, p. 231, (1909). Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has been a key producer of outstanding rubies for centuries. This assemblage Higher in value than sapphires or emeralds, and often more valuable than diamonds, the most coveted rubies have traditionally emerged from the ancient Mogok mines in Upper Burma, or Myanmar. Ruby Mining in Burmah, Author unknown, Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. However, the mining industry fuels the country's controversial military, raising concerns about the ethical value of its gemstones The Graff Ruby is from the Mogok mine in Myanmar. 1142-1148, (1908). 6, pp. 521–525. The Robert Mouawad Campus 358-366, (1905). Richard T. Liddicoat Gemological Library and Information Center The very best color in Myanmar rubies is sometimes described as “pigeon’s blood.” In central Myanmar, the area of Mong Hsu began producing rubies during the 1990s and rapidly became the world’s main ruby mining area. 8, pp. Iyer, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Vol. A book that presents summaries of the mining operations for various minerals and ores, and includes a chapter on the ruby mines of Burma that describes the history of the area and the mining methods used to locate rubies. 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