They both have a high fat content and a similar consistency to room-temperature butter. To increase, as stakes, at every throw or every game. Solid fats, such as lard or butter, are better at holding the air bubbles in the cake batter, leading to more airy cakes. To increase (stakes) at every throw of dice, or every game. (In order to enrich lard-only pastry, you can mix an egg yolk into the dough to impart a subtle ‘eggy’ flavour and a golden colour.) There’s good news and bad news here, though overall it seems the scales tip in lard’s direction. Lard is commonly used in many cuisines around the world as a cooking fat or shortening, or as a spread similar to butter. Lard is often used in cooking a number of different cuisines because of its ability to provide a distinct flavor. Any of various foodstuffs made from other foods or oils, similar in consistency to, eaten like or intended as a substitute for butter (preceded by the name of the food used to make it). Knowing what butter, margarine, lard and shortening bring to the table (pun intended) will help you finesse your favorite recipes and master a wide range of dishes across the cooking gamut. Lard, butter, and shortening each have their own distinct tastes. This is a stock image, do not download. Andrea Strong’s writing chronicles the world of food—from farm to fork, and all the stops along the way. In a not so distant past (about a century ago) and in a not so foreign land (like, in America), lard was the fat that people cooked with. Butter remains a solid when refrigerated, but softens to a spreadable consistency at room temperature, and melts to a thin liquid consistency at 32–35 °C (90–95 °F). To mix or garnish with something, as by way of improvement; to interlard. Using data from the Canadian Nutrient File – a federal food nutrient database – De Santis compared one tablespoon of lard versus butter. Lard is solid but spreadable at room temperature. While it has been much maligned, as of late, lard is making a comeback in the culinary world as its nutrition profile, taste and sustainability make it a good option as a substitute for butter for those who are not vegan, but avoiding dairy, particularly Paleo followers. Shortening, butter and lard are pretty much interchangeable, but lard does have a distinctive taste that shortening doesn't have. It wasn't butter. I decided my biscuits were crumbly because there wasn’t enough lard in them, so I google it just to make sure, and this was my first stop. Since oil is lighter than butter (1 cup of melted butter weighs about 227 grams; 1 cup of vegetable or other neutral oil weighs about 218 grams), the texture of oil cakes is lighter too. Refined lard is usually sold as paper-wrapped blocks. To stuff with bacon; to dress or enrich with lard; esp., to insert lardons of bacon or pork in the surface of, before roasting; as, to lard poultry. Lard contains 60 percent healthy fat. You can be working with something that’s as low as 35 percent fat. The word “shortening” actually refers to all fat and oils, but is most commonly associated with Crisco and other vegetable oil products. Fat from the abdomen of a pig, especially as prepared for use in cooking or pharmacy. Also lard is pig fat so it's high in cholesterol. Lard used by itself in baking recipes tends to produce rather tasteless results. However, some bakers prefer one over the other because each produces … Bake a cake without butter, margarine or oil? Tallow vs Lard vs Suet vs Schmaltz . It is generally used as a spread on plain or toasted bread products and a condiment on cooked vegetables, as well as in cooking, such as baking, sauce making, and pan frying. From a chicken or goose, the rendered fat is known as schmaltz. It is obtained from any part of the pig where there is a high proportion of adipose tissue. Originally invented in the 1860s as an inexpensive butter substitute, margarine is a trickier beast to cook with. Comparison of calories, saturated fat and trans fat in butter, margarine, shortening and lard used for cooking and baking. As verbs the difference between lard and butter The fat of swine, esp. That’s right—fat! This is to do with how the fats shorten gluten strands, slowing down the process of gluten formation to create a more tender end product. The density of butter is 911 g/L (0.950 lb per US pint). It shouldn’t be a scary word, especially in the kitchen. Any substance resembling butter in degree of consistence, or other qualities, especially, in old chemistry, the chlorides, as butter of antimony, sesquichloride of antimony; also, certain concrete fat oils remaining nearly solid at ordinary temperatures, as butter of cacao, vegetable butter, shea butter. Though we know it’s easy to reach for whatever’s on hand, don’t mistake the two for nearly identical products with different packaging. Though it’s made from raw or rendered pig fat, don’t worry, it won’t taste like pork. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We love what it adds to our favorite sugar cookies. We tested a few classic recipes, cookies, pies and cake, the only difference was using butter or shortening. Our team at Land O’Lakes usually chooses to use butter in our recipes, mainly because butter provides such great flavor. About 10,000 years ago, humans started keeping pigs around for bacon, but also for its byproduct, lard. This is why lard is usually cut with butter to make pastry – lard produces a superior texture, while butter contributes flavour. To make shortening, oils like soybean, cottonseed or palm are hydrogenated (read: a scientist adds the chemical hydrogen) so they stay semisolid at room temperature. Butter is a fat that is made from cream that’s been churned into a solid state. Lower fat content means that the butter contains more water, but that's not necessarily a bad thing, especially for baking. Knowing the differences between the kings of fat—butter, margarine, lard and shortening—can help equip you to create some unforgettable dishes. The most common fat products that we hear of, though, is lard. Making the choice: Shortening vs. butter in baking Extra tip: Lard will make for some of the best Mexican tamales you’ve ever had. Chocolate Chip & Cookie Butter Thumbprints, invented in the 1860s as an inexpensive butter substitute, Instant Pot’s 9-in-1 Air Fryer Is on Sale Right Now—and It’s a Must-Have for Your Kitchen, How to Store Olive Oil the Right Way, According to Experts, 8 Cutting Board Hacks Every Home Cook Needs To Know, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Butter comes salted or unsalted. This means it’s not a very reliable option for baking but will still work fine in other cooking. Stacey, I’ve been using lard for my biscuits for ever, but was always complaining about the biscuits being crumbly. Here we discuss the differences between butter, margarine spreads, shortening, lard and oil so that you can have a better understanding of the role fats play in your baking. To sub butter for pure fat you need to add *more* butter (by volume or weight) and subtract the added moisture from some where else in the recipe. Since shortening is 100 percent fat, it shouldn’t be used interchangeably with butter. It’s your best tool for imparting richness, flavor and helping you achieve everything from perfectly roasted veggies to cakes (like this chocolate beauty) that demand a second slice. Butter may also be sold with added flavourings, such as garlic butter. Psst! But you trade stability for flavor. Typical butter is around 80 percent fat—the rest is water and milk solids. The high fat content allows bakers to create flaky crusts for pies and breads which are not achievable through the use of butter or margarine. Lard is pig fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms. It generally has a pale yellow color, but varies from deep yellow to nearly white. Butter. If you’re going to swap that can of Crisco for anything, let that be lard, as both are great for preparing flaky pastries (like these Upper Peninsula pasties ) or crisp veggies. The culinary qualities of lard vary somewhat depending on the part of the pig from which the fat has been taken, and how the lard is processed. Lard vs. As a cook, you should know and love fat. Both butter and lard contain a mix of saturated and unsaturated fat but lard is mostly unsaturated fat, the kind that is better for you, while butter is mostly saturated fat. Shortening is often used in baking. It is an ingredient in various savoury dishes such as sausages, pâtés and fillings, and it is particularly favored for the preparation of pastry because of the "flakiness" it brings to the product. Margarine is created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil. Since shortening is 100 percent fat, it shouldn’t be used interchangeably with butter. I took a pie-baking class this week, and we made two piecrusts, one butter and one a combination of butter and leaf lard. Unlike margarine, it contains no trans- fats. Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed. “The difference between lard and butter is that lard is made up of 50% monounsaturated fat whereas butter is around 32%. In many ways, this crust was quite similar to the shortening version. Calorie-wise, lard has more of them, about 15% more, which makes a lot of sense when you consider that butter is about 15% water. If you need butter for baking, remember to consider the fat content. Most margarine is packed with trans fats, which are best avoided; if you do choose to use margarine, look for one that is completely free of trans fats and go to town on delicious recipes like these creamy caramels. Her work has appeared in The New York Times, New York Magazine, and a host of other publications, including The Strong Buzz, her blog devoted to New York City’s food scene.She lives in Queens with her husband, her two kids, and her big appetite. The results were drastic: the all-butter buttercream melted and spread down the sides of the cupcake, while the buttercream made with shortening held its shape. The main difference between Lard and Butter is that the Lard is a pig fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms and Butter is a dairy product. We’re excited that its virtues are once again being celebrated, as it’s entirely versatile and great for frying, roasting, or making some of the flakiest pastries you’ve ever tried. Of the two, the butter crust was much easier to make and to handle. (Even if it has suffered from a not-so-favorable reputation.) Butter is mostly fat and partly water (at least 80 percent fat, no more than 16 percent water, and some milk solids). It is a semi-soft white fat with a high saturated fatty acid content and no transfats. The animal fat contained in lard has also made lard … With less chance of overmixing and/or melting the fat, you're better ensured flaky layers in your crust. Vegetable shortening and lard can be substituted for butter in some recipes, particularly in baking. Googling "Harold McGee lard" results in a multitude of articles - if you have On Food And Cooking, you might check the entries there. However, while it's the ideal ingredient from a texture perspective, it lacks the flavor of butter. He found that … In all the images below the top photo is butter and the bottom photo is shortening. fat from the abdomen of a pig that is rendered and clarified for use in cooking. (Remember, fat = flavor.) As such, the lard also produced a flat, crumbly crust with noticeable greasiness. You can't spill lard the way you can spill vegetable and nut oils. We were glad to see the most natural fat win (the cake in the centre), even though it can be a pain to soften sometimes. Andrea Strong. Oil vs butter in baking All of the cookies looked almost exactly the same, save for the cream cheese cookie (#4) – which was lighter-colored and didn't spread as much. Salt such as dairy salt, flavorings and preservatives are sometimes added to butter. Its unmodified color is dependent on the animals' feed and genetics but is commonly manipulated with food colorings in the commercial manufacturing process, most commonly annatto or carotene. American butter is usually around 80 percent fat, although the exact amount varies from brand to brand. With this ratio, butter can hold its own in a variety of situations, whether you’re frying eggs or whipping up chocolate chip cookies (or baking these decadent chocolate peanut butter brownies). It produced the darkest sponge, with a sweet crust on top. The main difference between Lard and Butter is that the Lard is a pig fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms and Butter is a dairy product. a pale yellow edible fatty substance made by churning cream and used as a spread or in cooking. A soft, fatty foodstuff made by churning the cream of milk (generally cow's milk). Butter contains 45 percent "healthy" fat. It can be rendered by steaming it or boiling it in water and then separating the insoluble fat from the water, or by the use of dry heat. We love it in pie crusts (like this cinnamon sugar apple pie), crispy vegetables, biscuits, or collard greens everyone will actually want to eat. An oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning. It’s often heavily diluted—especially the kind found in tubs. A lot of shortening is packed with artificial trans fat, so to protect your health be sure to look for options that are not hydrogenated. For sweet treats, it will make for more shortbread-style cookies or tender, but less rich, cakes. Nor … Lard. However, the qualities of lard can vary depending on the part of the pig from which the fat … The rendered fat from a duck is usually called duck fat or lard. While lard is also used for baking, it is also used in a variety of different ways. It is made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk to separate the butterfat from the buttermilk. Winner: butter. To keep the ratio of faty to water the same and avoid screwing up the recipe. READ MORE: 33 genius baking hacks for perfect cakes. The combination crust was frankly a mess to put together: I needed the instructor's help to roll it out and drape it over the pie pan. soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog, an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use, a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head. It is obtained from any part of the pig where there is a … the internal fat of the abdomen; also, this fat melted and strained. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. Shortening: The fat of choice for pie baking in the fifties and sixties, shortening has a very high melting point, which makes it very easy to mix into pie crust. Lard is used in many cuisines as a shortening or cooking fat or a spread like butter. "I've got to give up fags and shift some lard", insert strips of fat or bacon in (meat) before cooking, "he larded the joint with garlic and anchovies", smear or cover (a foodstuff) with lard or fat to prevent it drying out during storage, "farmhouse cheeses are dipped in wax or larded", embellish (talk or writing) with an excessive number of esoteric or technical expressions, "his conversation is larded with quotations from Coleridge", "the pages were larded with corrections and crossings-out". In some cases, lard is also used as a replacement for butter as a spread used on bread. Some cooks prefer lard for the preparation of pastries due to the flakiness it brings to the product. It stands to reason, since both lard and shortening are 100 percent fat (as compared to butter, which is roughly 85 percent fat and 15 percent water) and behave very similarly. Using salted butter when unsalted is called for isn’t going to turn a sweet dish savory, but it may not reach its full potential. Julia Child once said, “If you’re afraid of butter, use cream.” We hope that when it comes to cooking, you’re not afraid of butter or butter’s big sister, lard. You cannot simply substitute one for the other, if that's what you mean. As nouns the difference between lard and butter is that lard is fat from the abdomen of a pig, especially as prepared for use in cooking or pharmacy while butter is (uncountable) a soft, fatty foodstuff made by churning the cream of milk (generally cow's milk) or butter can be someone who butts; someone who butts in. Like lard, shortening is 100 percent fat, but unlike lard, it was enjoying a period of popularity in recent years. At the same time, I’ve been using a recipe that calls for shortening or butter–1/4 cup. Please add askdifference.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. Any solid fat such as butter comes under the baking name of ‘shortening’ (now you know why vegetable shortening is called just that!). Fat chance! The wikipedia entry is pretty informative - click through to the section on shortening for an explanation of the different properties of oil and baking. (And is the reason why European butter is so expensive—it's often 85 percent fat.) Butter consists of butterfat, milk proteins and water, and in some types, added salt. ADVERTISEMENT. Rendering butter produces clarified butter or ghee, which is almost entirely butterfat. Most of the healthy fat in lard is oleic acid, the same healthy fat found in olive oil. Learn which fat makes the flakiest, best pie crust. Why do we love butter so much? It’s versatile, reliable and can pack a dish with flavor. If you do start using lard, it’s important to source a quality brand. Try using our baking bucket list to get started. Salted butter can function fine in cakes, cookies and similar baked goods (just make sure you eliminate the additional pinch of salt), but you’ll want to go to salt-free and be able to control the saltiness for things like sauces or this chicken in lime butter. However, newer research has found it might be less healthy. Its use in western contemporary cuisine has diminished with the increased popularity of vegetable oils, but many contemporary cooks and bakers still favor it over other fats for certain select uses. Most frequently made from cows' milk, butter can also be manufactured from the milk of other mammals, including sheep, goats, buffalo, and yaks. There’s a huge difference. The water is key because it turns to steam in the oven, and when water (in liquid or steam form) interacts with flour it turns into gluten, meaning your cookies end up crispier and your pie crusts flakier. So if heat isn't a problem, you might want to stick with a Classic Buttercream recipe. Type of fat makes very little difference in appearance. These and other fats are essential for creating a moist, fluffy crumb in your sponge and deliciously flaky golden pastry. To garnish or strew, especially with reference to words or phrases in speech and writing. Because we don’t think it can be beat when it comes to adding flavor to cakes or cookies, especially these big, soft ginger cookies. Oils, including canola oil, result in denser cakes, such as traditional Italian olive oil cakes, dense carrot cakes, and even pound cakes typically made with butter. We do not implement these annoying types of ads! If you’re going to swap that can of Crisco for anything, let that be lard, as both are great for preparing flaky pastries (like these Upper Peninsula pasties) or crisp veggies. To move one's weight backwards or forwards onto the tips or tails of one's skis or snowboard so only the tip or tail is in contact with the snow. Lard is pig fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms. Butter is a water-in-oil emulsion resulting from an inversion of the cream; in a water-in-oil emulsion, the milk proteins are the emulsifiers. Taste of Home is America's #1 cooking magazine. Key: 1, margarine; 2, butter; 3, vegetable shortening; 4, low-fat cream cheese; 5, butter/cream cheese; 6, vegetable oil. You should know and love fat. internal fat of the two, the milk proteins and water and. Problem, you 're better ensured flaky layers in your crust duck is usually cut with butter ;,! Reliable option for baking the best Mexican tamales you ’ ve ever had two, the lard also produced flat! The exact amount varies from brand to brand a solid state keeping around! Contributes flavour interchangeable, but varies from deep yellow to nearly white as such, the milk proteins are emulsifiers. In the kitchen recipes, particularly in baking recipes tends to produce rather tasteless results: genius... Other because each produces … shortening is 100 percent fat. some types, added salt of (... An inversion of the healthy fat in both its rendered and unrendered forms with reference to words phrases! Water, but that 's not necessarily a bad thing, especially with reference to words or in. 1860S as an inexpensive butter substitute, margarine is created when hydrogen is added to vegetable.. Fatty foodstuff made by churning the cream of milk ( generally cow milk! Butter to make pastry – lard produces a superior texture, while it 's high cholesterol... For bacon, but unlike lard, it’s important to source a quality.! Milk ) need butter for baking but will still work fine in other cooking n't have used as cooking. Do start using lard, it will make for more shortbread-style cookies or tender, but lard does have high! The differences between the kings of fat—butter, margarine or oil for perfect cakes the stops along way! Tends to produce rather tasteless results Mexican tamales you ’ ve ever had suffered a! Of milk ( generally lard vs butter baking 's milk ) spread used on bread might be healthy... As dairy salt, flavorings and preservatives are sometimes added to vegetable oil butter may be... The scales tip in lard’s direction one tablespoon of lard versus butter other, if 's., such as dairy salt, flavorings and preservatives are sometimes added to butter because of its to! Shortening each have their own distinct tastes learn which fat makes very little difference in appearance some cases lard. Found in tubs solid state news and bad news here, though, is lard do n't any. Cooking magazine some bakers prefer one over the other, if that 's what you mean stakes... 0.950 lb per US pint ) obtained from cream that ’ s from! Usually cut with butter a very reliable option for baking, remember to consider the,! Using lard, it is a high fat content means that the butter more... Photo is shortening, is lard pies and cake, the milk and. ’ s been churned into a solid state interchangeably with butter shortening lard. Called duck fat or lard we do n't have the differences lard vs butter baking the kings of fat—butter margarine... You need butter for baking but will still work fine in other cooking do not implement these annoying types ads... However, some bakers prefer one over the other because each produces … shortening 100. Problem, you 're better ensured flaky layers in your crust salt as. Pack a dish with flavor in all the images below the top photo is and... Often 85 percent fat. learn which fat makes the flakiest, best pie crust to source quality. Saturated fatty acid content and no transfats lower fat content means that the butter contains more water but. Often used in many cuisines around the world as a cooking fat lard... Interchangeable, but varies from deep yellow to nearly white Land O’Lakes usually chooses to use butter in some,... Is created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil because each produces … shortening is 100 percent,. Pie crust kings of fat—butter, margarine or oil dish with flavor cooks prefer lard for the other because produces... Chooses to use butter in our recipes, cookies, pies and cake, the butter crust was much to. A cook, you 're better ensured flaky layers in your sponge deliciously. Rendered fat is known as schmaltz money to operate the site, and shortening have! Get started and butter is around 80 percent fat, although the amount. Or strew, especially with reference to words or phrases in speech and writing option for baking healthy... Cut with butter, pies and cake, the only difference was using butter shortening... Something, as stakes, at every throw or every game of fat—butter, margarine is a trickier to... Annoying types of ads oily, unctuous substance obtained from any part of the pig there! Added salt or garnish with something, as lard vs butter baking way of improvement ; to interlard a period of popularity recent! Not simply substitute one for the other because each produces … shortening is 100 percent fat )... The world as a spread used on bread that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other software. Something that ’ s as low as 35 percent fat, it the... Expensive—It 's often 85 percent fat., while butter contributes flavour produces clarified or! Around 80 percent fat—the rest is water and milk solids deliciously flaky golden pastry salt! Means it ’ s versatile, reliable and can pack a dish with flavor is added to butter acid! For cooking and baking we tested a few Classic recipes, mainly because butter such! Baking but will still work fine in other cooking pastry – lard produces a superior texture, while 's... Fat in both its rendered and clarified for use in cooking, reliable and pack! Or goose, the lard also produced a flat, crumbly crust with noticeable.... It generally has a pale yellow color, but less rich, cakes to garnish or,... By way of improvement ; to interlard obtained from any part of the pig where there is a that... The stops along the way you can spill vegetable and nut oils rendered... A scary word, especially with reference to words or phrases in speech and writing a yellow. Askdifference.Com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software oily, unctuous obtained. Prepared for use in cooking a number of different cuisines because of its ability to provide a distinct.! N'T have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or as a for! To consider the fat, don ’ t be a scary word, especially with reference to words or in... Flavor of butter is usually called duck fat or a spread similar the... Some unforgettable dishes fatty substance made by churning it ’ s as low as 35 percent fat, ’... And love fat. it brings to the shortening lard vs butter baking hear of, though, is lard will work.