The guns were silenced by return fire. Counter fire by Maddox scored two more hits. On May 7, USS Waxbill was fired on by twelve rounds but apparently did not return fire and on May 10, while sweeping Wonsan Harbor, USS Merganser and USS Redhead received ten rounds of enemy fire from Kalmagak. [1][2], On June 5, the O'Bannon, Radford and the Lofberg attacked and silenced a battery of 75-millimeter guns south of Ho-do Pan-do. After three hits, the frigate was moderately damaged and caught on fire. NM068 Page 1 of 1 On December 23, while providing gunfire support for the minesweepers in Wonsan Harbor, USS Marshall, USS McGowan received approximately thirty rounds of estimated 75-millimeter shells. USS Prichett and the Waxbill also received fire but no damage resulted in any of the attacks. The Rowan suffered five hits and ten casualties, none of them fatal, and she received forty-five rounds of different caliber altogether. The Uhlmann had to break off the attack without silencing the remaining two artillery pieces because allied patrols entered the area.[1][2]. Heavy flak in the area was the probable cause. On August 4, British Royal Marines installed mortars on Hwangto-do for use in countering the North Korean shore batteries and on August 11, USS Hopewell, using SFCP, fired direct and indirect fire missions against enemy troop concentrations and transportation targets in the Wonsan area. It is an area rarely visited by foreign tourists. Eight Americans were wounded but none of them fatal and the ship was moderately damaged though she was capable of firing 159 rounds of return fire with 5-inch and 3-inch guns. On September 24, ROKN PF-62 was also damaged by shore battery fire. It involved the cooperation of naval vessels and aircraft from the 5th Air Force which caused heavy damage to the North Koreans. [1][2], Three days after this incident the USS Bremerton, USS Lofberg and USS John A. Bole exchanged fire with the batteries, several guns were destroyed and there were no friendly casualties. Dextrous suffered two direct hits; killing one man, three wounded and moderate damage. On April 2, USS Los Angeles received another hit by Wonsan shore batteries. the North Koreans offered heavy resistance and over 500 splashes were counted but there was no serious damage to the American vessels. [1][2], Operation Fireball was the code name for a bombardment of the Wonsan area from May through September. [1][2], USS Alfred A. Cunningham received five hits on September 19. On July 11, in the vicinity of Yo-do island, USS Blue and Frank E. Evans were attacked, approximately fifty splashes were counted near the ships but none of them were hit. They were to be foll… The type of warfare experienced at Wonsan would last throughout the war. Fourteen others, who were wearing body armor, were also hit but not wounded. NORTH KOREAN AND CHINESE COMMUNIST MILITARY AND CIVILIAN ACTIONS, WONSAN Keywords: INFORMATION Rkl CENTRAL INTE~ CLASSIFICATION s Approved For Release 2009/03/24: CIA-RDP82-00457R007200520002-0 COUNTRY Korea/China SUBJECT North Korean and Chinese Communist Military and Civilian Actions? A city of southeast North Korea on the Sea of Japan east of Pyongyang. [1][2], USS O'Bannon suppressed enemy batteries on May 29 after the North Koreans opened fire on friendly islands. Between late June through August 1951, North Korean attacks on American ships seemed to increase so the United States began concentrating on destroying enemy batteries. MiG-15s attacked TF-77 aircraft three times, one MIG made a firing pass on two American AD planes so they returned fire. By the one-year anniversary of the blockade, bombing Wonsan occurred on a daily basis though occasionally the UN fleet would combine their firepower for larger engagements. A day later two air bursts landed 200 yards from Prichett and on March 30 and March 31, Prichett evaded thirty-five more enemy shots without damage. Photo #: 80-G-423625 Opening of Wonsan, October 1950 Republic of Korea minesweeper YMS-516 is blown up by a magnetic mine, during sweeping operations west of Kalma Pando, Wonsan harbor, on 18 October 1950. On the first day of the maneuvers, the LSMRs USS Clarion River and USS LSMR-525 received heavy, accurate fire from enemy batteries on the islands of Kalmagak, Umi-do and Ho-do Pan-do. [1][2], She reported inflicting seventy-four casualties and scoring hits on a railroad bridge and tracks. On July 7, enemy gunners on Ho-do Pan-do concentrated their on the blockade. Enemy gun positions on He-do Pan-do, fired upon USS Barton and USS Jarvis with approximately 250 75-millimeter to 155-millimeter guns. An aid station, two tents and communication wires were also damaged. Also that day, the Maddox and USS Laffey attacked North Korean railroad targets, scoring many hits, two railroad cars were damaged along with two buildings. [1][2], When it came time to land on October 15, the North Koreans had already withdrawn and the British and South Koreans were securing the area. Shore battery fire was most accurate to date indicating the possible use of fire control equipment. She also made three direct hits on the North Korean command post. James C. Owens was attacked on April 25 though again there was no damage sustained. The ROKN FS-905, was also attacked on May 12. While patrolling off Wonsan, North Korean batteries opened fire and she was struck by one shell. Between 2:30 and 4:00 pm on April 23, the island of Tee-do was under intense enemy fire from gun positions on Kalma Pan-do. [1][2], North Koreans were using hidden guns which were difficult to locate but were believed to have been fired from Han-do Pan-do, Hapchin-ni and Kalamagak. On the first day of the maneuvers, the LSMRs USS LSMR-409 and USS LSMR-525 received heavy accurate fire from enemy batteries on the islands of Kalmagak, Umi-do and Ho-do Pan-do. On September 20, USS Orleck bombarded enemy troops and mortar positions, scoring five hits which destroyed an ammunition dump. Because of this, UN naval forces were ordered to stay out of the area in daylight until the weapons could be destroyed by cruisers and battleships or naval aircraft. [1][2], USS Los Angeles was hit by one enemy round on March 27 but the damage was light and no one was injured. The fire was concentrated on the Dextrous and she sustained considerable superficial damage and a loss of one man killed and two wounded. Brinkley Bass and USS Stickell silenced a battery at Kalmagak on March 22. The battleship USS New Jersey participated in her first shore bombardment mission of the war on May 20, 1951. Allied victory, successful blockade of Wonsan. The next day USS Evans engaged the batteries and received four near misses, wounding four men aboard the ship.[2][6][7]. MacKenzie was closely straddled with thirty-six rounds but there was no damage or casualties. Another shot was a near miss and passed over New Jersey from aft to port. The fire room flooded and there was other less severe damage. Three splashes were counted near the ship. [2][4][5][6], Shortly thereafter, sailors on the nearby destroyers USS Harry E. Hubbard and USS Bradford spotted an oil slick off of Walke's starboard side so they began dropping depth charges on what they reported as being two submarines. Troops were being concentrated in two locations on He-do Pan-do and were going to use about eighty fishing sampans for transport. Hungnam was the destination of the SP Bn, less a detachment which sailed for Pusan, along with the DUKWs, to assume responsibility for the unloading of the 1st Mar Div personnel and equipment when they arrived. [1][2], USS Manchester was conducting a heavy bombardment of Wonsan on or about July 3 when fragments from a near miss put a two inch hole in the after stack and through the door of a powder room, no one was hurt though. On October 21 Lewis was furnishing gunfire support for two Republic of Korea minesweepers operating in Wonsan Harbor which were taken under fire by enemy guns. Ten days later on May 27, shore batteries at Wonsan fought against the USS Cabildo and Ozbourn. The chase was eventually discontinued and the damage to the Walke was temporarily repaired and she made for Japan. [1][2], On October 16, USS Toledo was shot at with four rounds from estimated 75-millimeter and 122-millimeter guns. After the Battle of Inchon, in which General Douglas MacArthur landed on the northwestern shores of the Korean peninsula, he ordered X Corps to make a landing at Wonsan where they would proceed west, link up with the Eighth Army and then advance towards Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. Vuoden 2008 väestönlaskennan mukaan siellä oli 363 127 asukasta. She was struck by one round, causing light superficial damage and one man was injured. Eight days of combined naval and air operations then started against the defenses of Wonsan. USS Gurke also avoided six enemy shells that day. [1][2] McGinty was straddled by enemy shore batteries as she moved near Wonsan on April 17. During the firing, four to nine airbursts fell near McGowan, sixty to seventy near Marshall, and several rounds between the minesweepers. The vessel was hit one time on the starboard side of her main deck but was still completely operational. [1][2], When it came time to land on October 25, the North Koreans had already withdrawn and the British and South Koreans were securing the area. Upon completion, allied warships nolonger had to withdraw out of range each night. Around 37,000 houses experienced power outages in … McGinty and the USS Maddox replied with counter fire and the enemy guns ceased. North Korean artillery fired at the American fleet was mostly ineffective, and the city was heavily damaged by UN naval aircraft and warships. [1][2], The first and only naval air battle at Wonsan and Hungnam occurred on October 7. Brinkley Bass scored seven direct hits on one of the batteries located near the city of Wonsan. Five enlisted men were counted missing and later presumed dead, six other men were wounded. Five marines were wounded, including one American. On the next day, the Maddox, the Laffey, the Herbert J. Thomas and the USS Evansville, received 206 rounds of seventy-five and 155-millimeter fire and an hour long engagement. Shore batteries on Ho-do Pan-do were increasingly menacing the allied blockade, concentrated fire was directed against destroyers in Wonsan Harbor on June 17. [1][2], April 1953 was reported by the United States Navy as being the height of the three-year battle with enemy forces firing over 2,000 artillery rounds in defiance of the blockade alone, and over 1,000 more at the friendly guerrilla held islands. [1][2] January 2, 1953 marked the first day in a large scale North Korean bombardment of the UN held islands in Wonsan Harbor. On April 29, as the bombardment of UN held island continued, an HU-1 helicopter received fourteen rounds of VT fuzed enemy shells while on a mine reconnaissance flight over Wonsan Harbor. On May 17, TG-95.2 reported that an interrogation of seven prisoners, captured off Ho-do Pan-do the day before, revealed that the enemy were planning an attack on Yodo in the near future. USS Merganser was also engaged with the nearest shot splashing harmlessly 200 yards (180 m) from her. The communists used the chance to attack Hwangto-do again. After the typhoon passed USS Lewis fired seven rounds of 5-inch shells at an enemy battery on Kalmagak, which was firing on friendly islands in the Wonsan area. The Americans responded with an attack by the Fast Carrier Task Force. After the Battle of Inchon, in which General Douglas MacArthur landed on the northwe… The battleship New Jersey was fired at on May 27 but her 16-inch guns quickly put an end to it, meanwhile the islands were still receiving their daily barrage which continued in June. On September 24, the ROKN PF-62 was also damaged by shore battery fire. [1][2], On September 11, 1952, batteries on Umi-do fired eighteen 105-millimeter rounds at the USS Lewis, no damage or casualties. On November 28 and 29, the North Koreans launched a small offensive operation, in it, armed sampans attacked the island settlement on Hwangto-do, killing one civilian and taking five civilians prisoner. In late 1951 and 1952 intelligence from captured or surrendered North Koreans became more frequent and reliable. Hungnam was the destination of the SP Bn, less a detachment which sailed for Pusan, along with the DUKWs, to assume responsibility for the unloading of the 1st Mar Div personnel and equipment when they arrived. The sampans received the first salvos, around 30 total so the Silverstein and the Maddox returned the fire and suppressed the batteries. TF-77 rescued survivors from a helicopter crash on February 8, twenty-five miles outside of Wonsan. 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