This tender perennial native to tropical Asia, likely India and Sri Lanka or Indonesia (hardy only to zone 10), is easily grown as an annual during the heat of summer. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Basella rubra L. Common Name(s): Ceylon spinach [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Basella alba : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Basella alba Basella cordifolia Lam. Basella volubilis Salisb. Malabar Spinach is an excellent source of dietary fiber. Basella or vine spinach is a popular tropical leafy-green vegetable, commonly grown as backyard herb in the home gardens.. Vine-spinach belongs to the Basellaceae family and has two chief cultivars, Basella alba, which features green- stems and deep-green leaves, and Basella rubra with purplish stems and dark green leaves with pink veins. Flowers are bisexual, red or white in lax peduncled spikes. Leaf paste of Basella Alba is advantageous for treating Ulcers and Abscesses. Basella alba, or Malabar Spinach, is a vigorous climbing vine, a frost-tender perennial grown as an annual, native to tropical regions in Asia. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Basella cordifolia Lam. The variety Basella rubra has red flowers and a bright purple- red stem; both alba and rubra are edible but the green leaved cultivars that are commercially cultivated, belong to the Basella alba. Scarify seed to hasten germination. rubra L., Basella alba L. 'Rubra' CHINESE : Hong chan cai (Cantonese Hung shan tsoi), Hong teng cai (Cantonese Hung tang tsoi), Zi luo kui, Zi ruan teng, Zi bei teng cai. The seeds are round and black. … Basella alba L.. Common Names: Country Spinach, Malabar Spinach Family: Basellaceae Habit: Basella alba grows as a succulent vine up to 10 m in length. Malabar Spinach or Indian Spinach, Basella alba, is an annual or perennial climbing herb with red or green vines and leaves. Leaves can be used to thicken soups and stews in addition to using raw or cooked like other spinach. Gandola rubra Rumph. Seed may also be planted directly in the garden at the last spring frost date. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Basella japonica Burm.f. It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Plants may also be allowed to simply trail along the ground. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Plant Name: Basella alba Common name: Marathi: Mayallu Hindi: Poi English: Malabar spinach, Indian spinach Jawhar: Mayalu Interesting facts and history Some special property: Like spinach, Basella alba also contain oxalic acid which is a naturally occurring substance found in some vegetables. Raf. As an ornamental, enjoy the glossy green leaves and red stems in ornamental plantings on posts, fences, hanging baskets or large containers. ex Spreng. Tolerates light shade. Despite common names, the foliar resemblance and similar usage in food, plant is not a true spinach. Malabar Spinach requires a well-drained moisture-retentive soil rich in organic matter and a warm sunny sheltered position. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). ex L. Homonyms Basella alba L. Common names "My problem is matching common names with 2 different bot. Basella ramosa J.Jacq. Even though it’s not a true spinach, it has the same taste. Arogbati (Bik.) Although in a different family than spinach, the leaves taste like spinach and, unlike spinach, the plants thrive in hot summer weather. This is a fast-growing tropical vine that, if trained on a support, will rise to 6' tall in a single season. Basella crassifolia Salisb. The leaves and stems are cooked and eaten for their laxative properties. They are cooked and used in the treatment of diarrhoea. Small purple-white flowers may appear at the end of the summer (plants will not flower until daylight decreases to less than 12 hours per day).Genus name comes from the Latinized version of the vernacular name.Specific epithet means white. Grow in rich, fertile, moisture-retentive soils in full sun. Native Introduced Native and Introduced The leaves are thick, semi-succulent, fleshy, pointed at the tip, and arranged alternately along the vine. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Basella thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. Related to and differentiated from Basella alba, which has darker green leaves, green stems and white flowers.Fast-growing and grown in economic or vegetable gardens for food and as ornamental. Growth Form: Short-lived perennial creeping or climbing vine with stems up to 2-6 m long. Gandola nigra (Lour.) Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last spring frost date. When grown as a vegetable, train it on a sturdy trellis or other support. Scientific Name : Basella Alba Common Name : Malabar Spinach Source : Leaves & Seeds Composition: Flavonoids, Saponins, Caretonoids &Natural vitamins Applications : Hemorrhages, Ulcers Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed perennial vine up to 33 feet (10 m) long. As an ornamental, you can enjoy the glossy green leaves and red stems in ornamental plantings on posts, fences, hanging baskets or large containers. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Basella japonica Burm.fil. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Other common names include Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Creeping Spinach, and Ceylon Spinach. Hardiness USDA zone 9 - 11. It is very sensitive to frost and cool temperatures. Improves Digestion. SYNONYM(S) : Basella rubra L., Basella alba L. var. It needs warm temperatures to germinate and will grow quickly once temperatures get hot. Basella crassifolia Salisb. Asia Description: Basella alba is a … Because the plant can grow rapidly, you should provide a sturdy trellis or fence for it to grow on that can do double duty as a decorative focal point in a bed or for screening. N.C. It can be grown as an annual, leafy vegetable for the cultivation of its edible, spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. The colors of this plant pair well with beets, swiss chard, kale, ornamental kale, red and purple flowers. Foliage: Leaves are ovate to cordate (egg-shaped to heart-shaped) with a slightly wavy leaf margin (5-15 cm long, 4 … Plant database entry for Malabar Spinach (Basella alba 'Rubra') with 30 images, one comment, and 23 data details. The plant typically grows to a six-foot vine, but can often reach 30 feet in length. This is a very common process in bamboo nomenclature for example. When grown for ornamental purposes, grow it on a fence or lamppost or other structure. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … virescens Moq. Scientific names : Common names : Basella alba L. Alugbati (Bis.) Infusion of the leaves is a tea substitute. Basella (vine spinach) nutrition facts. Country of Origin: Trop. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. White, pink, or red blossoms in short spikes and are located in the leaf axils. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It is popularly known as Indian spinach, Malabar spinach or Country spinach. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Easily grown from seed. Malabar spinach, Basella alba, is a popular green leafy vegetable in other parts of the world. Basella alba bears thick, fleshy, broad, oval to heart­shaped leaves all along its vine length while Basella rubra features pink or purplish stems and pink colour veins running in the leaves. ENGLISH : Red Ceylon spinach, Red-stemmed Malabar spinach, Red vine spinach. A red dye is obtained from the juice of the fruits of the 'Rubra' cultivar. Dundul (Sul.) Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies. Basella alba (Malabar Spinach) is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed, perennial vine up to 33 feet (10 m) long. Basella rubra L. Basella rubra var. It tolerates high rainfall and fairly poor soils but does much better in rich soils. Leaves and stems are a good source of Vitamins A and C, calcium and iron. In Uganda, vine spinach is common in a number of markets. In Zone 7 and warmer, direct seed 2 to 3 weeks after last frost date. REFERENCES General Bibliography + REFERENCES Complementary / Specific . Basella alba. Malabar spinach (Basella alba or Basella rubra) is not a true spinach, but rather a climbing vine in a class by itself. Dry soil or extremely high temperatures will cause flowering, which leads to bitter leaves. Common name: Ceylon spinach Other common names: Country spinach, Indian saag, Malabar nightshade, Malabar spinach, Indian spinach, East Indian spinach, Slippery vegetable, Vietnamese spinach, Vine spinach. Gandola rubra Rumph. names considered synonyms" A single plant can have a hundred common names because a common name can be applied by anybody...there is no authority to check what a 'true common name' is... "Basella alba L. 'Rubra' for all the names referring to the colour red appears logical to me." iNaturalist: Basella alba IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Basella alba JSTOR Plant Science: Basella alba Kew Herbarium catalogue: Basella alba Mansfeld … Fruit sap is used as a food coloring in pastries and sweets. As a vegetable, pick leaves and stems as needed for use in soups, salads, stir-fry or as a pot herb for stews. Basella alba L. 'Rubra' . The succulent leaves and stems are used as a vegetable, either raw in salads or cooked in soups, salads, stir-fry or as a pot herb for stews. Diseases, Pests, and Other Plant Problems: No known diseases or pests. Basella or vine spinach is a popular tropical leafy-green vegetable, commonly grown as a backyard herb in home gardens. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The plant is well-adapted to high temperatures, even into the 90s F., but growth is disappointing when temperatures stay below 80 F. This spinach will produce in weather too warm for other spinach varieties, but soil must be kept moist. Native Range: Tropical Africa and tropical Asia. It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as (1) an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or (2) as an ornamental foliage vine.