J.D.D. ), jute (Corchorus olitorius), mustard and rape (Brassica sp. Apart from C. asiatica, these Malaysian plants exhibited α-amy and ACE inhibitions only, without observable α-glu inhibition suggesting that these plants might not have appreciable dual therapeutic effects against diabetes and hypertension. Corchorus M.K. V. Kuete, ... H. Sivas, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. C. olitorius leaves oil (95.1%) and stem oil (97.1%) at 400 µg/ml respectively. It is disturbed Cassava leaves contain glucosides that may liberate hydrocyanic acid by the action of enzymes. <>stream Harv. Description. malchairii (De Wild.) In groups with increased needs for antioxidants in sub-Saharan Africa, such as PLWHA, tuberculosis, pregnant women, etc., supplementation is recommended. Introduction. The seeds are purgative. belong to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as “Jute or Jew Mallow”. 2����O�ǣl`������AQ�ܤ������Q�L��U2L��w�̒�$9J6�|����/me�,��m�]#���CGv�-��N����L.����Oo�2�MZ�e7@q��ǁ��2�3Ӟb [�(l g��2C�\A ��H ��N�X$/���m�s"u-�c�,����ֲ噝�IN�L�0'�gi�]m��M�7�� k�]gɉ���N����1��B#�'�A�pY5`T�%/������{�D�V�3�����=ֵۇY�U���N@�ʂ�>��m�qkӥ�,p_:͠M� Corchorus olitorius L. (Nalta jute or tossa jute) is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical region. Shahidul Islam, in, Apostolidis et al., 2006; Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b; Ademiluyi and Oboh, 2012; Oboh et al., 2012, 2013, 2014; Sharifi-Rad et al., 2016, Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b, 2010; Cheplick et al., 2010; Ranilla et al., 2010, Wu et al., 2011; Adefegha et al., 2015; Chen et al., 2016, 2017; Chiou et al., 2017; Hung et al., 2017. Several studies have demonstrated an inverse relationship between a diet rich in carotenoids and lung cancer. Scientific name: Corchorus olitorius L. Common names: Jew’s mallow, Wild jute, Wildejute, Thelele, Delele and Gushe Family: Tiliaceae Origin and distribution The origin of Jew’s mallow is unknown, but it has reportedly been cultivat-ed for centuries, both in Asia and Africa. For example, one of the main ingredients in the preparation of G. africanum or leaves of M. esculenta, or Corchorus olitorius (jute mallow leaves) in many sub-Saharan African countries is red palm oil or palm kernel juice. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. It is disturbed throughout the tropical region of Africa and Asia [ 1 ] and is considered as a common vegetable in Egypt, the Philippines, Australia, Senegal and Thailand [ 2 ], as a common weed for India, Afghanistan, Nepal, Kenya and Turkey and as a principle weed for Sudan [ 3 ]. Corchorus olitorius L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae). Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute, Tussa jute. In addition, red palm oil is highly available and cheap, and readily used in the preparation of most sauces and dishes such as cowpea cake, and locally known in some African countries as koki or moi moi. Previous and even recent studies show that vitamin A supplementation could not reduce MTCT but could provide benefits for the infant postpartum.14,17,38 Recent studies show that supplementation of antenatal vitamin A. reduces maternal night blindness, anemia, and maternal infections in HIV positive women.39. ), Some of the leafy vegetables contain toxic ingredients. INTRODUCTION: Section A. S.K. ), pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata), purslane (Portulaca oleracea), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), taro (Colocasia esculenta), water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica), and winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus). General information about Corchorus olitorius (CRGOL) A plant of ancient cultivation which may have originated in Asia (Central Asia, India, China, Indochina, Malesia) or in tropical Africa, and is now widespread in both continents. The ethanol extract of the plant displayed a strong reduction in cell viability of the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells via DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation–mediated apoptosis (Li et al., 2012). Accepted on March 4, 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius (Linn.) [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i … Kuntze (sapotaceae), Lepidium meyenii Walp. Engl. The present study was carried out to evaluate the possible antibacterial activity of aqueous (AEMC), methanol (MEMC) and chloroform (CEMC) extracts of Muntingia calabura as well as methanol (MECO) and chloroform (CECO) extracts of Corchorus olitorius using the in vitro disc diffusion methods. Other plant species identified with concomitant in vitro anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypertensive activities made up 39.5% and were distributed among 24 other families. E.A.Bruce (Rubiaceae), Schwenckia americana L. (Solanaceae), S. indicum L. (Pedaliaceae), Sesamum radiatum L. (Pedaliaceae), Tamarindus indica L. (Caesalpiniaceae), Tetraclinis articulate (Vahl) Mast. It was observed that neither fucoxanthin-rich fraction nor fucoxanthin showed better enzymes inhibition than MeOH extract of these seaweeds. ambulamu motani in language. It is highly volatile, and therefore, any preparation that involves heating will render the leaves harmless. Griseb (rubiaceae) and Erythraea centaurium Rafn. Many studies have shown that C. olitorius contains several antioxidants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in vitro and in vivo settings. Corchorus is a genus within the family Malvaceae. (Polygonaceae), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) However, it is difficult to comment on the efficacy of these Northern Australian plants, since the inhibitory activities of their respective positive controls (standard drugs) were not presented (Deo et al., 2016). Author: Houjayfa, Ousman Mohamad; Noubissié, Eric; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît Source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp. A.J.Paton (Lamiaceae), Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. 2 0 obj Introduction. Some of the dried and powdered leafy vegetables, which are rich in carotene and minerals, can be blended with cereal flours to improve the nutritional status of people of the developing world who often suffer from nutritional deficiency diseases. It has globular fruits. In India, West Bengal occupies foremost place both in respect of area (73.5%) and production (82.26%) of jute. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " Mahapatra 2.1 Introduction 2.1.1 Origin, Diversity, and Distribution The genus Corchorus belonging to the family Malva-ceae (formerly under Tiliaceae) is distributed through-out the tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Kundu 1951; Purseglove 1968; Chang and Miau 1989). and Corchorus olitorius displayed antimicrobial activities. However, studies on C. olitorius’ C. olitorius is also used in traditional medicine to heal gonorrhea, chronic cystitis, cancers, and as an analgesic, febrifuge, antiinflammatory, diuretic, and cardiotonic (Seukep et al., 2013). The leaves are shiny and have leaf stalks. Description. However, based on the computed anti-diabetic/anti-hypertensive potency ratio (ψ) of the reported medicinal plants, only few of them (12%) and certain extracts appear to be promising for further investigation as potential dual therapeutic agents for diabetes and hypertension. The two main types of jute, white jute (Corchorus Capsularies)and dark jute or tossa (Corchorus Olitorius) are grown in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, China, south Asian countries and Brazil. (cucurbitaceae) fruit seeds; Essential oil of Piper guineense Schumach. (Brassicaceae) and Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrader (Cucurbitaceae) were not compared to a standard drug, although these plants did not show impressive concomitant α-glu and ACE inhibition (Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b, 2010; Cheplick et al., 2010; Ranilla et al., 2010). (Connaraceae), Corchorus olitorius L. (Tiliaceae), Costus afer Ker Gawl. 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