Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Forums. There is a move request for several Palaeologus/Palaiologos dynasty emperors at Talk:List of Byzantine Emperors. Call it the Eastern Roman Empire if you must. -HawkeyE (talk) 05:53, 4 May 2011 (UTC). Want to know Constantine XI Palaiologos' current status? Kardam (talk) 08:23, 8 July 2020 (UTC). Constantine was born in Constantinople as the eighth of ten children to Manuel II Palaiologos and Helena Dragaš, the daughter of the Serbian magnate Constantine Dragaš. © 2021 GAMESPOT, A RED VENTURES COMPANY. Mai 1453 in Konstantinopel) war vom 1. Have a nice day! Because there are long paragraphs and a single reference at the end, I thought that you forgot to add more references. This is a very clear, straight fact. You wanted a citation. I understand that such a legend still has political concerns today, but that is the truth of this old legend; it makes little sense to reword such a legend just to downplay it's controversial nature. Character » send you an email once approved. The moon stayed in this form for about four hours, and gradually increased to a full circle, so that at the sixth hour of the night it was fully formed. I could find sources for that if you all insist on it, but can you please let me put that in and leave it there? Thus, the Western POV is clearly evident in this article. 50.185.134.48 (talk) 20:14, 18 January 2016 (UTC), I hope this is not a stupid question, but why is the name spelled with "C"? Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. No one could hear any news of the Emperor, what he had been doing, or whether he was dead or alive, but some said that his body had been seen among the corpses, and it was said that he had hanged himself at the moment when the Turks broke in at the San Romano gate. It's just an abundant statement which only serves at confusing the readers. Funny to try to differentiate "Byzantium" from the rest of Roman history simply because of the supposed Hellenization of the Empire once the capitol was moved to Constantinople... because when Pagan Rome conquered the Greek City States in the centuries before Christ they were in turn conquered by Greek culture and became thoroughly Hellenized. Call it the "Empire of the Greeks" as it's medieval contemporaries did (derogatory; Latin Catholic vs. Greek Orthodox bias of it's day, see: Great Schism), but the Western view must be balanced by the Eastern view. The IP edit mentions: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, In another account relayed by Niccolò Barbaro and Leonard of Chios, Constantine despaired and urged his soldiers to kill him before the gate broke; none would, and he was cut down as the Turks entered the city.. Constantine XI Palaiologos appears in 1 issues. The article used to reflect this fact. What's the next step? A little less than five years later in 1453 AD he was killed during the final assaults by the Turkish Sultan, Mehmed II on Constantinople. Please click the link and refer to the passage that mentions Leonardo of Chios. Call it Byzantium. When Constantinople’s walls were finally breached, Constantine XI knew there would be no quarter, but he would not flee with the Genoese generals. I'm just going to edit it in so the entire flow is clear. If you revert, please specify your objection here. The Orthodox who believe him to have been a saint are in error.--131.220.75.84 (talk) 09:34, 22 January 2013 (UTC), Just a thought...The Greek composer Stamatis Spanoudalkis has produced an excellent suite of music entitled: The Marble King (I think...Unfortunately I've lost my copy! Compare Εθνικό Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο which is usually translated as National Archaeological Museum, not Ethnic Archaeological Museum. There is no "C" in the Greek alphabet, so the correct spelling would be "Konstantin". This notification is provided by a Bot --CommonsNotificationBot (talk) 04:12, 19 November 2011 (UTC), An IP keeps adding original research from WP:PRIMARY. He is also one of the few Byzantine musicians to write on theoretical issues. which as can be seen is completely the opposite of what the IP is claiming. It would help if you could avoid the template jargon. —Tenryuu  (  •  ) 05:00, 21 July 2020 (UTC), Wikipedia:WikiProject Guild of Copy Editors, Template:WikiProject Guild of Copy Editors, Move request for emperors of the Palaeologus/Palaiologos dynasty, File:Constantine XI Palaiologos.jpg Nominated for Deletion, Edit-warring by IP adding original research from primary sources, "controversy surrounding his personal religious beliefs". Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos or Dragaš Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last Byzantine emperor, reigning from 1449 to his death in battle at the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. It was always meant in a biased Western POV fashion. 's insistence on attributing bad faith to my changes (despite actually keeping some of them, which I appreciate). It would be very difficult to try to separate the Roman Empire from it Hellenic heritage, even long before Christ. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. I've gone through and reverted your edits since I personally made sure that there is not any uncited information in the article. Gen. He was trained as a soldier and in 1441 conquered the Morea Peninsula of Greece. Enter the URL for the tweet you want to embed. In a variant of the Byzantine practice of adopting the distaff surname where it connoted more prestige, Constantine liked to be known by his mother's name of Dragaš (Serbian: Драгаш) or Dragasēs, which she inherited from her Serbian father. Due to an impending Ottoman attack, Sphrantzes ultimately did not return to Georgia, Due to mounting tensions with the Ottomans, Sphrantzes ultimately did not return to Georgia, Roman and Byzantine military history task force, http://rumkatkilise.org/statusconstantineXI.htm, were involved in supporting roles during siege warfare in Ancient Greece, could inherit property, had legal standing and participated in politcal affairs, https://deremilitari.org/2016/08/the-siege-of-constantinople-in-1453-according-to-nicolo-barbaro/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Talk:Constantine_XI_Palaiologos&oldid=998774485, Balkan military history task force articles, B-Class European military history articles, European military history task force articles, B-Class Roman and Byzantine military history articles, Roman and Byzantine military history task force articles, High-importance biography (military) articles, Unknown-importance biography (royalty) articles, Articles copy edited by the Guild of Copy Editors, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This article has been checked against the following, A fact from this article was featured on Wikipedia's, If the image isn't freely licensed and there is no, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 00:00. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Constantine's death marked the end of the Byzantine Empire, an institution tracing its origin to Constantine the Great's foundation of Constantinople as the Roman Empire's new capital in 330. Then you may restore my changes and leave an apology on my talk page. [...] while Thomas ruled Corinthia and the northwest, alternating between Patras and Leontari as his place of residence. All right, fortunately the text I was working from here is an excerpt of a source already used in the article. No need to register, buy now! Mickmct (talk) 15:55, 21 August 2008 (UTC), Hi there, I find this sort of hard to believe... --Jfruh (talk) 21:34, 10 July 2006 (UTC), It seems to me that if he had a greek name the latinised form should stick with the greek spelling. --Panairjdde 23:37, 8 July 2006 (UTC). Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. )It's theme is the fall of Constantinople and the idea that Constantine XI will return one day. Unbeknownst to anyone, after six hours of fighting, just before sunrise, Giustiniani was mortally wounded. My apologies. 50.185.134.48 (talk) 23:45, 17 January 2016 (UTC), A marginal note in the text of Barbaro's Diary repeats the statement of Leonardo, that Constantine begged in vain to be put to the sword. Mai 1453 als letzter byzantinischer Kaiser und starb bei der Verteidigung Konstantinopels. Constantine became the Despotes of the Morea (the medieval name for the Peloponnesus) in October 1443, ruling from the fortress and palace in Mistra. Januar 1449 bis 29. Period. This page marked the date of Constantine's birth as February 8, 1405, citing Nicol's The Immortal Emperor as a source. The distinction intended is between religious martyrs who died for their faith and national martyrs who died for their country. [...] still assigned Constantine to the Morea as another despot to rule alongside him. any Comic Vine content. On this same day, the twenty-second of May, at the first hour of the night, there appeared a wonderful sign in the sky, which was to tell Constantine the worthy Emperor of Constantinople that his proud empire was about to come to an end, as it did. This process takes no more than a few hours and we'll According to Runciman's The Fall of Constantinople 1453 and to the article on the emperor in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, he was rather born in 1404. That the reason that I added citation required in each subtitle. You can search for Konstantinos XI Palaiologos, Latinh hóa là Palaeologus ([Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος] lỗi: {{lang-xx}}: văn bản có thẻ đánh dấu in xiên (trợ giúp) (Serbia: Константин Палеолог Драгаш), Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 1404 - 1453) là vị Hoàng … Don't panic; a discussion will now take place over on Commons about whether to remove the file. Theodore eventually changed his mind, but John eventually assigned Constantine to the Morea as a despot in 1427 after the war against Epirus. Hit that like button. Ichthyovenator (talk) 08:12, 8 July 2020 (UTC), Ichthyovenator, it was not my intention to harm the article. Find the perfect constantine xi palaeologus stock photo. Whether you like it or not that's how it's always been, and anyone who refuses to accept it is just on the POV side. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Nikoz78 (talk • contribs) 15:28, 31 December 2009 (UTC), The ghost of Constantine XI IS prophesized to ride into the city (Constantinople/Istanbul) when Turkey becomes a Christian land again. I think I've done all I can here, so I'll consider the request complete. He spent most of his childhood in Constantinople under the supervision of his parents. Jyg (talk) 21:51, 15 January 2019 (UTC), @Кардам: will you please stop adding the "citation needed" template everywhere in the article? Is this really meant to imply that the Serbian name had more presige than Palaiologos? This is an encyclopedia. To be a saint of one national Church is to be a saint of the entire Orthodox Church - and he appears in three! Discussion; Bug Reporting; Delete/Combine Pages He was son of Manuel II Palaiologos … If some1 spelt it karanicholus that would be wrong (i no my latinised name shouldnt have an h in it but by grandfather cant spell:P)--Slogankid 16:32, 3 December 2006 (UTC), Although ethnomartyr is the most literal transliteration of ἐθνομάρτυρας, it's somewhat misleading, since the word means something more like national martyr rather than ethnic martyr. When we Christians and the pagans had seen this marvelous sign, the Emperor of Constantinople was greatly afraid of it, and so were all his nobles, because the Greeks had a prophecy which said that Constantinople would never fall until the full moon should give a sign, and this was the reason for the fear which the Greeks felt. It was in the 19th century that biased Western historians began to widely use the term "Byzantine." Information and translations of constantine xi palaiologos in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. You may think it promotes civility, but it really just comes off as robotic and unreasonable. That is not "how it's always been." Constantine and his predecessor John VIII both believed a union between the Orthodox and Catholic Churches was needed to secure military aid from Catholic Europe, but much of the Byzantine populace opposed the idea. If you have anything further you wish to discuss about this article feel free to ping me on here. I've taken the liberty of changing the date to 1404 from 1405 (two sources vs. one), but since there seems to be some divergence on the subject, feel free to argue the point further and change it back. Februar 1404 in Konstantinopel; † 29. Miskin 00:39, 27 January 2007 (UTC). Ergo, he is a saint not only of the Greek Church. Constantine XI Palaiologos last edited by So I cited it. (Some googling finds both "ethnomartyr" and "national martyr" are used in English in this context, although both are rare enough that it's hard to weigh their relative usage.) But the Turks made great festivity in their camp for joy at the sign, because they believed that now victory was in their hands, as in truth it was. —Tenryuu  (  •  ) 17:43, 19 July 2020 (UTC), @Tenryuu: Thank you for taking the time to go through this massive article! Otherwise we risk allowing Wikipedia to become a tool for propagandists. Predecessor: Position created: Predecessor: Incumbent: Birth: 2/15/1980, Constantinople Profession: Lawyer, Bussinessman, Politician Political Party: The Imperialist Party: Relgious Affiliation An image used in this article, File: ... That is the quote that verifies my edit, which if you do not recall, said that Barbaro relayed that account. Little is known of his life, except that he held the office of lampadarios ("torch bearer") at the Constantinopolitan Court, and received commissions from the last two Byzantine emperors, John VIII Palaiologos and Constantine XI Palaiologos. File:Constantine XI Palaiologos.jpg Nominated for Deletion. Mai 1428 bis März 1449 Despot von Morea und regierte vom 6. InfernoXV 02:33, 26 January 2007 (UTC), Look this doesn't matter that much, but I'll insist on removing the statement about the Roman Empire. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos was born 8 February 1405 and died 29 May 1453, reigning as the last Byzantine Emperor.123 and was a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 until he died in battle during the Fall of Constantinople. Camera location View this and other nearby images on: ... Konstantin XI. Paleolog; Metadata. “Most noble leader, illustrious tribunes, generals, most courageous fellow soldiers and all loyal honest citizens! He died fighting in the streets of Constantinople. This is an important article that gets a lot of views and adding a template that has no reason to be here is unnecessary and insinuates that the article is of poor quality. The sign was of this form and condition: at the first hour after sunset the moon rose, being at this time at the full, so that it should have risen in the form of a complete circle; but it rose as if it were no more than a three-day moon, with only a little of it showing, although the air was clear and unclouded, pure as crystal. This bias is very well documented. This is falsification of sources and the IP should stop this disruption. He then fell in the crush, rose again, fell once more, and so died.(10). He later became governor of Selymbria for a time, until surrendering the role to his brother Theodore in 1443. My name is Καρανικολας(Karanicholas). This edit will also create new pages on Comic Vine for: Until you earn 1000 points all your submissions need to be vetted by other Jour J #27 - Les ombres de Constantinople. This gives you an opportunity to contest the deletion, although please review Commons guidelines before doing so. To this day the Middle East called the Greeks "Romans" and Greece "Rome" or "Land of the Romans" and the entire rest of Europe "Franks." If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. I'm not going to change it since I'm not sure if there is an identical statue in Mistras or not. He was extremely fond of his mother and added her surname (Dragases) next to his own dynastic one when he ascended the imperial throne. Meaning of constantine xi palaiologos. I've replied to your questions :) Ichthyovenator (talk) 19:46, 19 July 2020 (UTC), @Ichthyovenator: Hope you're doing well. Since the Byzantine … My initial edits had sources, if not a formal citation. What does constantine xi palaiologos mean? ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. fesak View full history. Is that the "controversy" which keeps Constantine as "not been officially canonized by either Church", or is there more, or something else? Though Theodore was content to rule in the Morea, historian Donald Nicol believes that the support was helpful, as the peninsula was repeatedly threatened by a foreign empire throughout the 1420s. As to the Sainthood of Constantine XI; please read this article written, perhaps ideally, by a Byzantine Catholic on the subject. Hobbitte (talk) 07:45, 1 December 2009 (UTC)Hobbitte, The legend of Constantine XI being turned into marble is thus: that once the Hellenic people (Greeks) "recapture Constantinople" the last Roman/Byzantine Emperor will rise to rule a Byzantium reborn. Dr. K. 17:09, 17 January 2016 (UTC), You folks seem too caught up in edit patrolling to notice that you're wrong. The only reason we're *at* a three-revert situation is Dr.K. He is most certainly considered a Saint (and National Hero of Greece): http://rumkatkilise.org/statusconstantineXI.htm --Nikoz78 (talk) 16:17, 13 September 2010 (UTC), Constantine was a Greek catholic, not an Orthodox. [Leonardo] reports that once the valiant Genoese captain Giustiniani had been wounded and forced to withdraw in the fight, Constantine's courage failed. Historians and civilisations have decided to differentiate Byzantium from the Roman Empire, without denying that it was its political continuation. Konstantinos XI. on 08/24/20 2003:7A:8E08:1A39:8132:A52C:D97F:1599 (talk) 17:13, 20 February 2016 (UTC), The only controversy I see in the article is Constantine's unionist sentiments. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos or Dragaš Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last Byzantine Emperor from 6 January 1449 to 29 May 1453. Hope to read your replies soon! But to someone who is trying to learn this can only be confusing. 161 talking about this. Constantine Palaiologos; Portrait: Emperor of Greece: Constantine XII (formerly King Constantine XIV) Emperor of Cyrenaica: Constantine XII King of Macedonia: Constantine XII Reign: 2008 to the present. Constantine, with some 8,000 Greeks, Ven… In January 1453, notable Genoese aid came arrived voluntarily in the form of Giovanni Giustiniani—a renowned soldier known for his skill in siege warfare—and 700 soldiers under his command. Theodore eventually changed his mind, but John still assigned Constantine to the Morea as a "co-despot". No need to register, buy now! After establishing himself as the Despot, Constantine worked to strengthen the defence of the Morea, including reconstructing a wall across the Isthmus of Corinth called the "Hexamilion" (Six-… English: Constantine XI Palaiologos or Palaeologus, (February 8, 1405 – May 29, 1453) was the last reigning Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, from 1448 to his death. New Comics. -The Mysterious El Willstro 209.183.185.226 (talk) 04:13, 7 February 2010 (UTC), I'm pretty sure that statue is from Athens, not Mistras. During the … Someone who knows about medieval history will know already the relation between Rome, Byzantium and the Holy Roman Empire, so this won't help him. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. At the time, Mistra, a fortified town also called Sparta or Lacedaemon due to its proximity to the ancient city,was a center of arts and culture rivalling Constantinople. 50.185.134.48 (talk) 23:15, 17 January 2016 (UTC), This is really quite absurd. Indeed, during the Pagan Roman occupation of the Holy Land in the time of Christ the Koine Greek language was the international language of it's day (a legacy of Alexander) and the Aramaic language of Jesus was Hellenistic Aramaic. Find the perfect constantine xi palaiologos stock photo. I've seen it there myself and taken pictures of it. 09:52PM Monument to Constantine XI Palaiologos. It had long been under the Frankish principality of 'Achaia' Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD succeeding his brother. The campaign ended in failure, possibly due to Theodore's reluctant participation and Thomas' inexperience. 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