Strelitzia reginae is commonly known as the bird of paradise flower. Plants of southern Africa : an annotated checklist. It comprises of three arborescent species, known as wild bananas, and two acaulescent species, … Birds eat and disperse the seed. South African Wild Flower Guide 11. P. 345. Zulu medicinal plants: an inventory. They attract birds - insect and nectar eaters as well as butterflies. That’s also how it acquired its name: the wife of the English King George III, Charlotte of Meckelenburg-Strelitz, had a great love for flowers and plants, and so this remarkable flower was named after her. Sunbirds may be the pollinator, but this has still to be proven. (Update: View more indigenous flowers of South Africa, 2016.). The inflorescence stalk is 700 mm tall with 4-6 flowers that emerge in succession in a boat-shaped spathe ± 200 mm long, producing a mucilaginous substance when in bloom. The single boat-shaped flower sphathe appears in autumn to winter (May to July) and is deflexed, dark coloured, glaucous, 250-300 mm long, 60-80 mm high and about 45 mm thick. Seedlings should be a good size before being transplanted (two to three leaves) into a well-draining potting medium. Strelitzia alba is regarded as Least Concern in the Red List of South African Plants. The programme has continued under the author and has produced the following selections: F3 dwarf orange, F2 dwarf broad-leaf Mandela's Gold, F3 thin & long flower stock for cut flowers and the deep-red spathe selection. Native to the subtropical coastal areas of southern Africa, it has been cultivated worldwide, and it has been naturalized in North, Central, and South America, as well as in Portugal, where it is the national flower. It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. Save to My scrapbook Strelitzia reginae tropical south africa flower isolated. It is the floral emblem of the City of Los Angeles; two o… Eastern Cape. Silhouette and outline vector stock illustration.. Free for commercial use No attribution required High quality images.  We feed our plants alternatively in May and November with a mixture of (a) 1 part superphosphates, 1 part 3.1.5, 2 parts Bounce back® and 2 parts bone meal or (b) compost. The logo of the South African National Biodiversity Institute is based on the striking inflorescence of Strelitzia reginae, a native of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal that has become a garden favourite worldwide. Strelitiz reginae ''Mandela's Gold' is a form with yellow flowers. Regular repotting allows the young plant to develop rapidly. 2002. Strelitzias occur in southern Africa from the Eastern Cape to Swaziland, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The striking orange and blue flowers open on and off all year. Strelitzia alba is unbranched, multi-stemmed and can grow up to 10 m tall. Strelitzia 14, National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. The vivid orange and purple flowers are large, hardy and spiked. Not registered yet? Strelitzia reginae Aiton 'Mandela's Gold' http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm South African National Biodiversity Institute. A field guide to wild flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. It can also be grown from seed. Liesl van der WaltKirstenbosch National Botanical GardensJuly 2000Updated by Phakamani XabaAugust 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Winter. They are leathery, opposite, green to greyish and the leaf blade tends to become torn by wind and age. Pooley, E. 1998. Strelitzia reginae occurs naturally only in South Africa along the eastern coast from Humansdorp to northern KwaZulu-Natal in coastal bush and thicket. Strelitzia reginae occurs naturally only in South Africa along the eastern coast from Humansdorp to northern KwaZulu-Natal in coastal bush and thicket. It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade. The Eastern Cape Naturalist. It belongs to the plant family Strelitziaceae. Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. Stelitzia is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The black bat flower, or the Tacca Chantrier, is the perfect Halloween flower. We have had great success with the following potting medium for strelitzias: 2 parts loam, 2 parts sand, 3 parts 12 cm bark, 3 parts compost and 1/2 part bone meal, and 1 part Bounce back® or 1 part 3.1.5 fertiliser. In the late 90's Mr John Winter, former Curator of Kirstenbosch, started a programme of selecting plants with desirable characteristics. Strelitzia reginae tropical south africa flower isolated on white background. The roots are fleshy and finger-like. Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is a dramatic plant with distinctive iridescent orange and midnight blue flowers that resemble an exotic bird peeking out from the broad leaves in autumn, winter and spring. In its native South Africa, endemic birds pollinate the complex flowers of Strelitzia reginae (bird of paradise) through a highly complex method of pollination. Despite loosing its status, it is still a magnificent flower when still in perfect condition. Leaves are tufted at the apex, oblong, 2 m long, 0.4-0.6 m broad. The author has visited the wild population a number of times since 2007 and has a different view on its status, for the following reasons: many of the suckers (small plants or clones that appear on the base of the stem) are removed by collectors; the population has no young plants or seedlings and the little seed that there is is always harvested by collectors before any of it reaches the ground to germinate. Strelitzia is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban. flowers or bird-of-paradise flowers. The seeds are round, black to brown with a yellow aril (appendage). The little seed we have managed to germinate we treated in the following manner: According to Alice Notten  "Seed germination can be enhanced by removing the bright orange aril and soak the seed in a solution of ethrel at a concentration of 2000 ppm active constituent, for 48 hours. Dyer, R.A. 1977. It tapers to a slender tip with mucilage exuding over the side and on average contains five flowers. There are three arborescent species: S. alba and its close relatives S. caudata and S. nicolai. Ends 13 Jun 00:00 This beautiful flower has made this one of the most popular plants in South Africa, and it can be found flanking the major national roads and in gardens all over the country. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Some of these plants look like palm trees. Meaning and origin of strelitzia with spelling and pronunciation. The plant will be released to the general public in due course as was previously done with Mandela's Gold. (eds). The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. South African National Flower Strelitzia Uncategorized June 19, 2020 0 masuzi Strelitzia reginae bird of paradise strelitzia reginae bird of paradise strelitzia native to south africa and its national flower ร ปถ ายของ pretoria botanical garden พร ทอเร ย tripadvisor indigenous flowers of south africa sapeople your worldwide african community Share this: Caring for Strelitzia. (from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site) http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitzjun.htm. The filament is 30 mm long and the anthers 50-55 mm long. It belongs to the plant family Strelitziaceae. species, known as crane flowers or bird-of-paradise flowers. To celebrate National Heritage Day, here’s a collection of some of South Africa’s most fabulous indigenous flowers (including SA’s national flower, the King Protea)…as seen at the Sunday Tribune Garden Show in Pietermaritzburg this past weekend. History and development of the term strelitzia with example sentences. Botanical Society of South Africa & National Botanical Institute. Petals are also white, upper petal lanceolate, 35 mm long and 10 mm broad and the lower petal boat-shaped 40-45 mm long and 10-12.5 mm broad. Hand pollination is necessary to get viable seed. All photographs by Lorraine Scholfield (thank you! Strelitzia originates from South Africa, and was transported to many countries in the 18th century. An evergreen perennial, it is widely cultivated for its dramatic flowers. In nature, where its distribution overlaps with that of  S. juncea, in the Humansdorp District, they hybridise easily. The other four are: Strelizia reginae subsp. 1986 M. Ramgobin Waiting to Live 7 They saw the hundreds upon hundreds of strelitzia plants with their pointed buds. There are no known specific recorded traditional or cultural uses for Strelitzia alba. The flowers have orange sepals and blue/purple petals (May to December). It comprises of three arborescent species, known as wild bananas, and two acaulescent species, … Sow in seedtrays filled with a well-draining soil medium at a depth of 1 to 1½ times the size of the seed. Download this stock image: Bird-of-Paradise Flower Strelitzia reginae Indigenous To South Africa - BEBJWE from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. R2,285. Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. 2009. Strelitzia reginae is widely used in landscaping as an architectural plant and focal point. The leaves are opposite and arranged fan-like in one plane and the margins can sometimes be red-edged. The plant genus Strelitzia occurs naturally in the eastern parts of southern Africa. reginae and subsp. The role of sunbirds in Strelitzia pollination needs to be investigated, as they have been observed "robbing" the flowers by taking nectar but by-passing the pollination mechanism. http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitzregmzimvu.htm, Winter, J. It is one of the most popular perennial plants. Strelitzias occur in southern Africa from the Eastern Cape to … & P. Xaba 2011. Mature plants will normally flower due to stress when divided or transplanted, an in-built survival mechanism. Common names: white-flowered wild banana, Cape wild banana (Eng. The king protea (protea cynaroides) took the title of South Africa’s national flower in 1976 The king protea, so called because of its resemblance to a crown, is the largest of all proteas and is found in the Cape Floristic region. Strelizia is also known as the bird of paradise, the crane flower or the orange strelitzia. All five species of strelitzia naturally grow in South Africa . 2002. mzimvubuensis, and S. juncea. Van Jaarsveld, E. 2008. ); Isigude esimbalimhlophe (Nguni). Availability The Strelitzia can flower throughout the year and is propagated by division of the underground rhizome during repotting. It grows well in cool, moist mountainous forests rich in leaf litter. The Eastern Cape Naturalist 61: 10-12. Description Strelitzia nicolai. Cape Town. The specific epithet reginae is Latin and means 'of the queen'.Â. ). Some species, such as Strelitzia reginae, has been used in traditional medicine to treat diseases caused by bacterial pathogens. Strelitzia 25. Darlington, C. D. & Wylie, A. P. 1955. Illustration about flora, fresh, flower - 174347338 Compost or the mixture is generously scattered around the root area and watered in over a period of time. In temperate areas it is a popular houseplant. It forms sturdy clumps of grey‑green banana‑like leaves and boasts unique and wonderful bird‑like orange‑and‑blue flowers. Illustration about line, flower, elegant - 174347675 Strelitzia reginae, commonly known as the crane flower or bird of paradise, is a species of flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. Although this flower is often associated with tropical places, like Hawaii, the plant is actually native to South Africa. The family Strelitziaceae comprises three genera: Strelitzia, Ravenala (with a single species R. madagascariensis in Madagascar) and Phenakospermum (with a single species P. guyannense in South America). Strelitzia reginae is a tufted, evergreen, stemless perennial up to 1,5 m tall and 2 m in diameter. Manning, J. A field guide to wild flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Commonly known as a Bird-of-Paradise flower, the Strelitzia is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. p.s. The older stems are woody with leaf scars and often have suckers at the base. The plant is cultivated worldwide in warm-temperated regions but systematic pollination of the ornithophilous species by local birds has not been reported, and, consequently, seed production is rare outside of South Africa. Strelitzia reginae is one the most popular horticultural perennials around the world. In South Africa it is commonly known as a crane flower and is featured on the reverse of the 50 cent coin. Find images of Strelitzia. Others are herbs that bear unique flowers. The fruit is a hard woody capsule that splits from the apex in summer (August to February). It flowers for long periods with its vivid orange and bright purple/blue inflorences and is an ideal pot plant and cut flower subject. A common name of the genus is bird of paradise flower, because of a supposed resemblance of its flowers to the bird of paradise. The seeds are round, black to brown in colour with a yellow aril (a tuft of hairs). Hand pollination can be carried out as described by Notten (2002). Strelitzia of the Eastern Cape. Five species, or types, of plants belong to a group called strelitzia. A study by Darlington & Wylie (1955) has demonstrated that Strelitzia alba is the only Strelitzia with a different number of somatic chromosomes (2n = 22) compared to the rest in southern Africa (2n = 14). Phakamani XabaKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenNovember 2010, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). ); isigude (Nguni); kraanvoëlblom (Afr.). Strelitzia in USA. mzimvubuensis   is another subspecies of S.reginae.Â. Login to add your Comment 2003. Bees are common visitors when the spathe is in flower. Common names: crane flower, bird of paradise, orange strelitzia (Eng. Strelitzia reginae Banks ex Aiton subsp. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. Strelitzia reginae was chosen as the very first Plant of the Week when this series began in July 2000 as the  flower forms part of the Institute's logo. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Vector illustration.bloom bouquet design.Plant known as crane flower,. Although native to Africa, Strelitzia has become the official flower of Los Angeles, California. 2 nd edition. Flower stalks can be cut to allow quicker recovery. Benefits and Uses. Strelitzia reginae is a flowering plant native to South Africa. The Strelitzia used to be the national flower of South Africa because the previous flag was orange, white and blue. This south African native has glaucous banana-like leaves and bright architectural flowers. It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden. Strelitzia Florists Phone and Map of Address: 132 Northern St, Nigel, 1491, South Africa, Gauteng, Business Reviews, Consumer Complaints and Ratings for Florists & Flower … S. reginae is one of five Strelitzia species in southern Africa. The crane flower is a tufted, evergreen, acaulescent (stemless) perennial herb up to 1,5 m tall and 2 m in diameter. At Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden we have had success in propagating Strelitzia alba through division of basal suckers in autumn and winter months. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. It has been reported that the abakwaMthethwa clan in KwaZulu-Natal use the strained decoctions from the inflorence to treat inflamed glands and venereal diseases. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. (61): 10 - 12. ); Kaapse witwildepiesang (Afr. There are two-tufted, clump-forming species of Stelitzia: S. reginae, with subsp. Pooley, E. 1998. Restricting the root development retards growth" (Notten, 2002). In our nursery we have found that the young plants are best grown in semi-shade, as the leaves tend to burn in direct sunlight. The seeds are also used in the Cape to sour milk. The fruit is a hard woody capsule that splits from the apex in summer (November to February). Login to add your Comment Red List of South African plants. Commonly known as bird of paradise, طائر الجنة Or crane flower, though these names are also collectively applied to other species in the Genus Strelitzia.. There is much speculation that the pollinators may be sunbirds; however this has not been proven in this particular species. 1996. Strelitiza reginae can be propagated from seed and divisions. Strelitzia is an easy plant to grow in the garden. Strelitzia ( /strɛˈlɪtsiə/) is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. mzimvubuensis Van Jaarsv. Click here to register. 2001. The plant genus Strelitzia occurs naturally in the eastern parts of southern Africa. Panorama Aug. 19 Flower arrangements display South African flora such as the tangerine-and-blue strelitzia. It makes a striking addition to your conservatory. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. The logo of the National Botanical Institute is based on the striking inflorescence of Strelitzia regi-nae, a native of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal that has become a garden favourite worldwide. Different clones should be used since the species is self-sterile or will produce very little seed when forced. The leaves are distichous (opposite and arranged fan-like in one plane), banana-like with the leaf blade 500 x 100 mm, and the margins can sometimes be red-edged. London: George Allen and Unwin. (from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site ). Derivation of name and historical aspects Sepals are white, 160-180 mm long and 30-35 mm broad. Once seed has germinated, it is important to pot seedlings in a well-drained fertile medium and to see that they are eventually adapted to a position in full sun. I am pretty sure the King Protea has always been the national flower, but this makes for a … & Manyama, P.A. (eds). When dividing mature plants it is important to have a minimum 60-cm clump diameter, so that recovery is faster, more or less two to three years maximum, to full bloom again. Alba, the Latin word for white, refers to the white flowers in the spathe. It belongs to the family, Strelitziaceae and the order Zingiberales. Strelitzia juncea Link. Strelitzia nicolai is a flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. At Kirstenbosch potting/reporting, transplanting and dividing plants happens in autumn. Click here to register. The family Strelitziaceae comprises three genera: Strelitzia, Ravenala (with a single species R. madagascariensis in Madagascar) and Phenakospermum (with a single species P. guyannense in South America). Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. Notten, A. Strelitzias of the Eastern Cape. The roots are fleshy and finger-like and ± 25 mm in diameter. This striking perennial is one of South Africa’s most successful plant exports! South Africa comes in at second place, with more than 330 species. Not registered yet? Notten, A. It is the national flower of Madeira, Portugal since 2005. It's an unusual flower that looks like a bat with long whiskers. Strelitzia True Tone Green - Height: 115 cm. A constant temperature of 25° C is most suitable for germination, as low temperatures retard germination. Delphinidin-3-rutinoside (used for colour) has been isolated from the petals and proanthoncyanidin polymers (flavonoids, antioxidants) from the leaves. The Strelitzia is native to South Africa but is also found in Swaziland and the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe. A common name of the genus is bird of paradise flower/plant, because of a resemblance of its flowers to birds-of-paradise. Dyer, R.A. 1977. ... 1971 S. Afr. It will thrive in the sun or semi-shade. We have also had success in transplanting a 2.5 m plant at the same time as the sucker. It is found in protected gorges and on slopes along the rivers. Strelitzia alba has a very limited distribution and occurs in the coastal area around the Garden Route within the Western Cape provincial boundary. This evergreen shrub is water wise and is Kwazulu Natal's floral emblem. This allows the plant to focus its energy on recovering rather than flowering. Chromosome atlas of flowering plants. Strelitzia reginae Aiton 'Mandela's Gold' 9from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm). It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade. Seed propagation is discussed in an article by Winter & Xaba (2011). Strelitzia /strɛˈlɪtsiə/ is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. 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