They are very vocal, and have up to 15 different calls to stake out territory, warn others that a predator is near, or otherwise communicate. Lutra lutra inhabits most of Eurasia south of the tundra line and North Africa. IUCN Otter Spec. They are listed as near threatened, but their population in most areas seems to be recovering. The Eurasian otter Lutra lutra is a top predator that feeds mostly on fish. The aquatic habitat of otters is very vulnerable in the face of change. It lives on the European, Asian, and African continents, and is native to around 81 different countries. The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. They will spend several hours nightly foraging in water. FACT: Although the otter is an exceptionally good swimmer and fish catcher, it cannot hold its breath … Eurasian otter numbers began declining in the 1950s until the species became almost extinct in England and Wales, although a small population survived in Scotland. The Eurasian otter was known to inhabit rivers there long before the disaster and was consistently recorded thereafter but no species-focused survey was attempted. The frequency of positive sites … They live near streams, rivers, lakes, swamps, and along coastlines, depending on the country. In the wild, assuming they live out their full natural lives, they might live to be around 17 years old. In South Korea, Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) habitat has increased since the 1990 s because of legal protection, forest development, and increased public awareness. A Eurasian otter can hold its breath for twice that long, quite easily! In some areas, a female Alaska se… A home range is the portion of land and water that an animal frequently visits during its daily and seasonal activities. 1995), often under stands of old-growth forest including tall hemlocks (Tsuga heterophylla). Habitat: mainly the area around freshwater lakes, rivers, some coasts - as long as they are undisturbed and there is plenty of cover. The pollution of lakes and rivers affects the fish that are their main food source. Habitat Lutra lutra forage in water and nest on land. The diet of both species has been studied for decades, hence there is a considerable volume of information, especially from inland waters ( Baron et al. It was listed this way because of a population decline, but with current conservation efforts, the population in many c… Each European otter within its territory of between 1 and 4 miles has fixed locations where it gets into and exits from the water, sunbathing, rolling and sliding about on "otter stairways". Lutra lutra forage in water and nest on land. ). According to the scientific resources, the total population size of European otters in Belarus is around 12, 000 individuals and in Sweden - 500-1000 individuals. They live in burrow in most waterways and coastal Diet European otters sleep for half their lives, which equates to ten years of sleeping for many otters, with phases of inactivity often at the time of the zoo's opening hours. Basically, it means this species could become threatened in the future. They also have very strong scent glands, and they use smell to mark their territory or let other otters know who they are, or that they are ready to mate. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. Distribution: the Eurasian otter exists in scattered populations in the British Isles, Europe, Scandinavia, most of Russia and North Africa. RED LIST status: Near Threatened alias: old world otter, river otter predators: birds of prey, crocodiles, dogs threats: pollution, poaching, habitat loss, accidental trapping, road kill size: 102-138 cm (body 57-70 cm; tail 35-40 cm) weight: 4-11 kg The Eurasian otter is an elusive, solitary otter that has one of the widest distributions of all palearctic mammals, from Ireland to China and … | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Bail Bond Agent: Education, Licensure & Salary, Become a Curriculum Writer: Education and Career Roadmap, Selling Back Textbooks Is Not a Yes or No Decision, 10 Ways Your School Can Be Useful During the Summer, Dartmouths with Coco Conan OBrien Is the Dartmouth Commencement Speaker, Orders Eulipotyphia, Chiroptera & Didelphimorphia, Eurasian Otter: Habitat, Diet, Lifespan & Facts, Order Primates: Lorises, Galagos, & Tarsiers, TECEP Science of Nutrition: Study Guide & Test Prep, NMTA Middle Grades General Science (204): Practice & Study Guide, GACE Health Education (613): Practice & Study Guide, TCAP HS EOC - Chemistry: Test Prep & Practice, Washington EOC - Biology Grade 10: Test Prep & Practice, MTEL General Science (10): Practice & Study Guide, What is a Gem? All otter species occupy a home range. It creates wetlands, which provide habitat for European water vole, Eurasian otter and Eurasian water shrew. Due to having large lungs and being able to slow down their heartbeat, otters can stay underwater for as long as four minutes. Reports now state that otters inhabit every county in the UK – great news for the otter! The Eurasian otter is a solitary animal with the female rearing the cubs on her own. Otters are semi-aquatic animals eating fish, frogs, crabs, small birds and mammals. Habitat With the widest distribution of the otter subfamily, the common otter stretches from western Europe to central Asia. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. No membership needed. Although methodological concerns exist, scat … European otters live throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia, inhabiting streams, rivers, lakes, freshwater and peat swamp forests, ocean shores, rice fields, fjords, caves, and other terrestrial habitats close by waterways. Particularly important otter habitats are the coasts and islands of … Along the high-rainfall coasts of Prince William Sound the North American river otter uses many large dens close to the shore The European otter is the most widely distributed otter species being widely spread across Europe. Size: Males (also known as dog otters) can reach a length of 130cm from nose to tail, while females (bitch otters) are smaller. – but our river systems still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a healthy level that can sustain fish stocks and wildlife. 2008 , 2014 ). They also eat crustaceans, frogs and even small water birds. Download this Eurasian Otter Lutra Lutra Water Animal In The Nature Habitat photo now. The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), also known as the European otter, Eurasian river otter, common otter, and Old World otter, is a semiaquatic mammal native to Eurasia.The most widely distributed member of the otter subfamily (Lutrinae) of the weasel family (Mustelidae), it is found in the waterways and coasts of Europe, many parts of Asia, and parts of northern Africa. The Eurasian otter is a solitary animal with the female rearing the cubs on her own. While hunting and habitat loss played a part, pollution of our waterways from agricultural chemicals was devastating to otter populations. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. We'll look at its habitat, diet, and lifespan, as well as some interesting facts. Otter has a broader muzzle and is larger than a cat. The eyes are placed high on the head so that it can see when the rest of the body is below water. The Eurasian otter is the most widely distributed otter species, its range including parts of Asia and Africa, as well as being spread across Europe, south to Palestine. In most of its range it is nocturnal except in the Shetlands where it is diurnal. - Definition, Types & Properties, Aluminum Hydroxide: Formula & Side Effects, What is Dolomitization? Currently it has a rather discontinuous distribution with strong populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of eastern Europe. Field surveys in 1998 and 2007 documented increase in occurrence of the species. Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) in natural habitat - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock The increase in Eurasian otter Lutra lutra populations in their natural range and recolonization processes are recently observed in several European countries. The male’s territory can cover about 15 km of river, crossing it every 3 or 4 nights. The otter is believed to be extinct in Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. The European otter has a wide distribution but no overall population estimate is available. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field photos available for quick and easy download. Wild Diet. They are able to cross territorial boundaries without incident, but aggressive behavior will occur if the same gender tries to enter a territory. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The Eurasian otter, Lutra lutra, is distributed over the Eurasian continent from the Korean Peninsula in East Asia to the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe and is capable of occupying environments from tundra to tropical rainforest (Mason and Macdonald 1986). They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. Such behavior is seen as helping young otters improve their hunting techniques. General Information. This species mostly lives alone, except when a mother has cubs. In captivity they can live to be 22 years old. They are typically nocturnal, which means they sleep during the day and are most active at night, though this varies somewhat by country. Written by Jeniffer Coates. Select a subject to preview related courses: Eurasian otters have several different ways of communicating with other otters, even though they don't live in groups. You can test out of the They are solitary animals unless in a mating pair or a mothers with her young. - Anatomy, Family & Diet, Baikal Seal: Habitat, Adaptations, Predators & Facts, Ringed Seal: Habitat, Population & Adaptations, Signs, Symptoms & Causes of Bloat in Dogs, Biological and Biomedical Otter habitat, home and diet Spotted sliding down banks on their bellies before elegantly gliding into water, or wrestling with siblings, the playful and … 3 Habitat char acteristic s of Eurasian otter sit es in Central Polan d. Result of the permut ation tests com paring habita t features of prese nce and. imaginable degree, area of {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Basically, it means this species could become threatened in the future. By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). According to the IUCN Red List, the overall estimate of the population in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004. Group Bull. Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) is a species belonging to the Weasel family and is known as an indicator of ecological health of rivers, as they prefer aquatic environments rich in cover and food resources such as stable shelters and homes that are not affected by … Ireland's otters are geographically widespread and believed to be the most s… Eurasian otter. The oldest recorded otter reached around 12 years of age, but this is exceptional. Habitat correlates of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra recolonizing Central Poland Jerzy Romanowski , Marcin Brzeziński , and Michał Żmihorski Centre for Ecological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Dziekanów Leśny ul. Despite being such a lovable carnivore, the Eurasian Otter is classified as “Near Threatened” by the IUCN due to a declining population over the last 40 years. In this lesson you'll learn about one of the most widespread otter species: the Eurasian otter. They spend a lot of time foraging, and will usually eat more than two pounds of food every day. 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