For sweet sorghum, you will probably reduce the nitrogen fertilizer and increase the potassium and phosphorus fertilizer relative to grain sorghum. Aug 11, 2008. Sweet sorghum is an excellent source for the production of biofuel and green energy. Xie Fenzhou, Sugar accumulation law in stem Juice of sweet sorghum, Liaoning Agricultural Science .1989.5 4.2. Sweet sorghum is the same species (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as grain sorghum. Chinch bugs are usually worse in drought conditions, and worms cause the most damage in late-planted sorghum fields. Seeds are small, … However, the biofuel syndrome of plant architecture (leaves, root, and stem), flowering time and bioconversion efficiency, their genetic components and how these traits can be modulated as potential routes to optimize sweet sorghum for biofuel … Such a combination of talents and areas of expertise is absolutely essential for the success of an effort of this scope and complexity. -- LSU AgCenter scientists are researching efficient means for processing energycane and sweet sorghum for use in biofuels. Biomass type sorghum was superior to sweet type as non-food ethanol feedstock. “Sweet sorghum is supposed to be a drought-tolerant crop. Segment by Application, the Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is segmented into United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Rest of World. Juerg, B., W. Thompson, W. Rooney, and B. Bean. Sweet sorghum can be grown in many regions of the United States. In Texas, sorghum varieties are being bred to produce high biomass yields (Juerg et al., 2009). Abstract. Milling tests were conducted on both energycane and sweet sorghum at the LSU AgCenter… Sweet sorghum is also more water-efficient: sugarcane consumes two and a half units of water to produce one unit of ethanol, whereas sweet sorghum produces one unit of ethanol from one unit of water. Soil temperatures should be above 65°F at planting to achieve good seed emergence. The vinasse, which is a mixture of dead yeast and plant material after fermentation, can be composted and sold for fertilizer. Sweet sorghum can be grown in most of the continental United States. Bio Fuels Revolution – Sweet Sorghum – The Smart Crop Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is frequently called as smart crop for its ability of not only produce food but fuel as well. Sweet sorghum can be planted in marginal land areas in less developed countries and areas, particularly in Africa, to stimulate local economies; and the establishment of flexible biorefineries should allow exploitation of these multiple feedstocks and extend the projected environmental and economic benefits of biofuels. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. The United States, the world’s largest sorghum producer, is organizing a conference this year on using sorghum as biofuel. Sweet sorghum could be grown on about half of this land. Soils were deep with medium … “Sweet Sorghum in some ways is similar to corn,” says Don Slack, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Biosystems Engineering. In Missouri, following soybean the previous year, maximum sweet sorghum biomass yields were achieved in some fields with no nitrogen (Stevens, 2009). 2009. Paper presented at the 2008 Joint Annual Meeting, Celebrating the . The crop is particularly suitable for growing in dryland conditions, as it only extracts one-seventh of the water used by sugarcane. The study found that sweet sorghum is comparable if not better than sugarcane for ethanol production. The production of sweet sorghum biofuel is quite gentle on the environment. A group of researchers led by Purdue University scientists believes sweet and biomass sorghum would meet the need for next-generation biofuels to … To estimate sugar content in juice, use a refractometer to make Brix (%) measurements. Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop in . With less need for nitrogen fertilizer and its incredibly drought-tolerant nature, it is a much more affordable and viable … Hybrid Madhura was developed by "Nimkar Agricultural Research Institute, Phaltan, Maharashtra". Charlotte Niemiec is OFI’s editorial assistant The companies intend to work together to support the introduction of sweet sorghum as a source of fermentable sugars at Brazil’s 400 or more ethanol mills. This reduces flexibility and can increase transportation costs. When nitrogen response occurred, 60 pounds of N per acre were sufficient. Other … We want to know if we can use some lands that are not suitable for food production, using less water, but also guaranteeing some kind of energy for people here.”. Memphis, TN. In addition, sweet sorghum has a °Brix or estimated fermentable sugar of 9 percent, and as the fermentable sugar of sweet sorghum increases, wherein studies show results higher than the estimated 9 percent, the more viable the ethanol’s country production using sweet sorghum becomes. The diversion of crop land for cultivation of sweet sorghum does not … ASA-CSSA-SSSA. Global Biofuels Ltd. (RC 679588), is implementing a project to convert the juice from the stalk of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) to ethanol. Producing ethanol from sweet sorghum uses about two thirds the amount of water of corn and one seventh the … Considering the energy challenges we face in the United States, the research Slack and his team are doing is of interest to a great many people and organizations, from private industry all the way up to the federal government. Handbook No. 611, 55 pp. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is primarily grown in Kentucky for its syrup. Biofuel. The study was concluded prior to the enactment into law of the Biofuels Act (RA 9637) which requires vehicle manufacturers and owners as well as oil companies to use fuels diluted with sugar or starch-derived alcohol to reduce the country's dependence on imported fuel and promote cleaner air. “We need to have plant scientists to understand how the plants grow and mature,” says Slack. Plant lodging is more likely to occur in high population fields because stalks become smaller in diameter due to competition. Missouri pest management guide: corn, grain sorghum, soybean, and winter wheat. Regional strategy for biobased products in the Mississippi Delta. Latest potent biofuel made from Sweet sorghum sap. Biofuels Home. Sweet sorghum, Jatropha, Pongamiaand sugar beet are among the underexploited crops for biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) production. Sweet sorghum juice contains sucrose, fructose, and glucose which can easily be made into ethanol. Keller and M81E are resistant to red stalk rot (anthracnose) but are susceptible to maize dwarf virus (MDM). Sweet sorghum is a leading potential biofuel feedstock that can be produced in South African's water‐limiting conditions under marginal lands. Fields with irrigation should have higher populations than non-irrigated fields. Unlikely sugarcane which requires a year to grow and large amounts of irrigation water, Sweet sorghum only needs 90-120 days of total culture time e 1/3 of sugar cane water. Sweet sorghum was compared with corn [Zea mays (L.)] and grain sorghum for potential ethanol yield, energy use efficiency, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at seven dryland site‐years in Nebraska.Seasonal rainfall ranged from approximately 340 to 660 mm. Some recent reports have raised concerns that the cultivation of certain biofuel … As a result of the efforts of Congressman Raul Grijalva, the United States Department of Energy is also helping to fund the project. Sweet sorghum will thrive under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, … Research report: Early deheading of sweet sorghum. Table 1. Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. However, large-scale planting on … Sorghum holds promise for American Indian farmers who have rights to a fairly significant amount of CAP (Central Arizona Project) water. It is hoped that this will change in the near future. Dale is resistant to most diseases. Energy sorghum is specifically bred for high lignocellulosic biomass that can be converted to biofuels, whereas sweet sorghum, also known as sweet stalk sorghum, refers specifically to genotypes that accumulate soluble sugars in the stalk . One challenge is that, upon harvest, sugars rapidly degrade. Optimum planting rates vary by region and soils. http://nssppa.org/. This procedure will not be as important when hybrid varieties are grown that are male sterile or do not flower at all. In test plots in Missouri, atrazine and metolachor gave good grass and broadleaf weed control. Four important varieties from that station are Theis, Keller, Dale, and M81E. Email: b.reddy@cgiar.org Introduction Agriculture and energy have always … be-info@email.arizona.edu 2. http://extension.missouri.edu/seregion/Crop_Budgets_PDF&Excell/Grain_Sorghum.pdf, Energy Answers for the Beginning Farmer and Rancher, NEWBio Team Defines Human Systems Driving the Bioeconomy Transition, NEWBio Harvest, Preprocessing, and Logistics Team Optimizes Biomass Supply Chain Processes, NEWBio Feedstock Improvement Team Breeds Better Switchgrass and Willow for the Bioeconomy. The Sorghum Checkoff is committed to meeting the needs of sorghum growers and ethanol producers. Ideally, each sweet sorghum farm would have its own processing facility. Courtesy of University of Arizona Cooperative Extension. 1986. Ilse Rojas, a Ph.D. student from Chile, is doing her dissertation research on how to get more return from the plant. Sweet sorghum is an efficient user of nitrogen fertilizer. A study by Memphis Bioworks showed that sweet sorghum processing plants should be located no more than six miles from production fields in the Delta region (Tripp et al., 2009). “I love working with graduate students. To utilize the bagasse for feeding, cattle should be in the vicinity. Most labs request a forage yield estimate when soil samples are submitted to make crop removal calculations. However, this crop may someday have another use in the Commonwealth — as a bioenergy crop. sweet sorghum has shot into prominence because of its competitiveness as a … The seed heads on sweet sorghum are located on the top of the stalks. International Year of Planet Ea rth, 5–9 October 2008, Houston, Texas. For the biofuels industry, sweet sorghum offers compelling options – if the hybrids work eco - nomically and the adoption is there. The statement “all biomass is local” also applies to sweet sorghum feedstock. Drying fuel and electricity can be deleted from the budget. Be sure to purchase a model that automatically compensates for temperature. pp. “Arizona is one of the places where we can grow sweet sorghum very efficiently, so the Department of Energy has funded this research for the past two years.”. Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop: Where are we now? The crop is highly adaptable to wide range of climatic conditions including drought and salinity. Sweet sorghum packs punch for Arizona’s biofuels industry Known as the sugarcane of the desert, sweet sorghum could be a sustainable and ecological future biofuel crop for Arizona. Being a water-use efficient crop, sweet sorghum … Active sweet sorghum breeding programs are under way in several states. Stalks of sweet sorghum contain fermentable sugars in the sap equal to 400-600 gallons of ethanol per acre. E-Mail; Print Furthermore, cultivating sweet sorghum in dryland conditions does not compromise the food or feed security as farmers could continue to use grain for food or feed and stalk juice for renewable biofuels production. Indo-US Biofuels Research Project - The second generation biofuels consortium will focus on development of sustainable, advanced lignocellulosic biofuel … National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association. During World War II, when sugar was rationed, bootleggers used the juice of sweet sorghum to make moonshine. Sorghum is a multipurpose crop and can be used for food, feed, fuel and fodder. Sweet sorghum [SS; Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a potential biofuel crop for the Great Plains. U.S. Dept. “Sweet sorghum is supposed to be a drought-tolerant crop. As a leading public research university, the University of Arizona is working hard to answer this question through pioneering research in alternative fuels. SWEET SORGHUM FOR BIOFUEL INDUSTRY. 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