Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. In colder regions, many gardeners tuck it into a pot they can shift outdoors … Here’s what you can do to help keep your plant warm in the winter. Temperature: Keep in above 50-degree temperatures, as it does not tolerate cold well. Move the pot outdoors slowly for brief periods of time each day, and let the Bird of … It’s uncanny how much this flower resembles a tropical bird, isn’t it? There are five species in this genus, and all may be referred to by the same common name. With proper wintertime care, your bird of paradise beauties will thrive for years. Under the right conditions, including full, southern light exposure, proper humidity and temperature, Bird of Paradise may flower indoors, although this is rare. Bird of paradise flowering shrub is ideal for garden and landscape beds and borders or container plantings. It needs a large plant container to grow and bloom, so repot your bird of paradise plant each spring. Although Bird of Paradise has in Rio de Janeiro the perfect conditions to grow, people seem to avoid it. Did you already put your bird of paradise in the ground, only to realize that it’s likely to suffer during the winter? Bird of paradise plants do not like to be moved once established. Bird of paradise grows 3 to 5 feet in height and blooms intermittently through the year, creating a colorful focal point in warm-climate gardens. You’ll probably need a friend to help you lift the heavy plant (and its root ball!). Throughout the season, the advisable temperature for indoor planting the tree is 18 to 23 degree Celsius where everything is mostly warm. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. In this episode we discuss tips for growing you BOP - Bird of paradise. You don’t need to keep the soil moist like you do in the spring and summer. Now, you can bring your plant inside to shelter it during cold spells! And so are you! Water thoroughly once a week until soil is completely moist. Just fill a large pot – one that’s at least 12 inches wide and deep, or larger, depending on the size of the plant – with two parts potting soil and one part perlite. Fertilizer: Fertilize in the spring with slow-release fertilizer pellets or feed weekly with a liquid fertilizer. The Bird Of Paradise isn’t too fussy as to soil which is evidenced by the wide variety of places it grows in. 65⁰F to 75⁰F temperature range is ideal. In colder areas, the bird of paradise flower can be overwintered indoors during cooler months and moved out into the balcony garden for the summer. The strelitzia group of plants have flowers which have colors which match the yellow, blue, and brown shades and hence the resemblance. Hardiness. Place it near your sunniest window. I don´t know why. Temperature: Keep in above 50-degree temperatures, as it does not tolerate cold well. But you do want to know how you can keep your bird of paradise warm if, say, there’s a cold snap that’s too close to 32°F for comfort. Black of the University of Florida Institute … And if you’re looking for basic tips to get started, you can begin with our growing guide. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. It has grown, made a change of location with us 11 yrs ago in the same … Blowin’ in the Manmade Wind: 9 of the Best Leaf Blowers, How to Care for Milkweed Plants in Winter, Made in the Shade: The 7 Best Patio Umbrellas You Can Buy, Top 10 Blueberry Varieties to Grow for Home Harvests, How to Deal with Common Sago Palm Pests and Diseases, Create a Sustainable Landscape with Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern US. Wait about 20 minutes after you finish watering it for the water to soften the roots. The Basics Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) craves heat, growing best in temperatures over 50 F. Winter hardy in Zones 10 to 12, bird of paradise adapts readily to containers. I live in North Dallas. This is the first yellow Bird of Paradise! Then, cover everything up and give it a deep watering that drains out the bottom of the pot. This large, upright plant adds a rich, tropical flair to your space as its glossy, banana-shaped leaves fan out. If the temperature dips below freezing or gets very hot where you live, bird of paradise will die if planted in the garden. Tropical perennial produces multicolor blooms that bring an exotic look to your outdoor space. Using a trenching shovel, dig down about 18 inches, following that radial line. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. google_ad_height = 200; For additional tips on growing birds of paradise as houseplants, see our guide. Caterpillars, grasshoppers, scales and snails may find their way to your bird of paradise. Ensure that it has good drainage, with a hole or several in the bottom of the pot. Close X. What Happens to Bird of Paradise Plants in Cold Weather? In warm climates, the plant grows and flowers best in partial shade. It is relatively hardy and adapts to a wide spectrum of light conditions from direct sun to … Can I cut the plant back now or wait till spring? All members thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 10-12, and sometimes Zone 9 – with ample protection. You’d have to have a mighty big container to house the treelike S. alba or S. nicolai. COPYRIGHT © 2021 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Thrives in hot, dry areas that receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. The bird of paradise’s impressive flower, which resembles a bird’s head plumage, emerges from a spathe shaped like a bird’s beak (hence the name bird of paradise). Maybe you live in Zone 10 or 11 and you’re not that worried about the winter. If you’re lucky enough to be growing one of these beauties in your yard or garden, you might be wondering how to best care for it during the winter. But that doesn’t mean they won’t pay a price for withstanding such a chilly dip in temperature. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. See our TOS for more details. Brush some of the soil away from the root ball to loosen the roots. Also known as crane flower, bird of paradise (Strelitzia spp.) Start with nice, chunky bark mulch spread over the rhizome area, and then add leaves and straw to finish off the thick layer of warmth your precious Strelitzia will need in order to survive the winter. The bird of paradise plant can do well all year long in sunny and warm states such as Florida and California. Bird of paradise requires a steady temperature between 50-72 degrees Fahrenheit (10-20 degrees Celsius). Bird of paradise is an evergreen tropical plant native to South Africa, but it’s grown in warm locales around the world. Info: Repot this plant every spring. A male bird of paradise has a plumage which has long feathers of yellow and white shades, this bird has blue beak, brownish body feathers which have a hint of orange in them. Voila! Also can be grown from seed. Here’s what I will cover in this guide: These plants can suffer if temperatures dip below freezing in the winter. We go over Watering, temperature, sunlight exposure, and fertilizing. The average maximum daily temperature in the Highveld region (the eastern plateau) is 26 °C, which is considerably more pleasant than that of the north-western deserts. First, soak the root system with a running hose for about 10-15 minutes. Gently compress the nursery pot to loosen the edges of the plant. In the meantime, check out these articles on overwintering your carefully cultivated flowers next: © Ask the Experts, LLC. The Bird of Paradise is considered the queen of the indoor plant world. Pests and Diseases: The bird of paradise plant is usually pest-free, but if insect pests or disease do occur, it will usually not kill the bird of paradise. The bird of paradise's flowers have three orange sepals and three blue petals. Regardless, ideal bird of paradise growing conditions both indoors and out remain the same: bright light, well-drained soil and adequate water through the growing season. Step 1 Grow bird of paradise plants in well-drained, fertile soil in a sunny or partially sunny location. 812 260-2148 | X. Black of the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Extension. Floralife has expanded the Flower Care and Handling section of our website to offer a … When you see that the surface soil is dry, wait a day or two, and then water again. How far back should I cut back if need be? It's heat and drought tolerant, good in containers and a great houseplant, too. During autumn and winter—particularly winter—the white bird plant is close to its “resting” period. Read on to learn how to take care of birds of paradise in the garden. belongs to the Strelitziaceae family, of which Madagascar’s theatrical traveler’s palm (Ravenala madagascariensis) is also a part. It's exotic and unique, but carefree. /* BCGRside */ It does prefer a loamy, somewhat rich mix however & needs good drainage. Even better, you may want to choose from our … google_ad_slot = "6102494112"; Next, cover the entire stem and rhizome area with mulch. Its large leaves grow from 1 foot to 2 feet long, and the whole container plant can grow to more than 6 feet tall. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Neutral: On Nov 18, 2003, K5CENTS wrote: I'm wondering why the leaves on my Bird of Paradise turn brown on the tips and curl. A temperature of 10-13°C at night and 20-22° C during the day is ideal for early and uniform flowering; while at a temperature higher than above 27° C tend to promote leaf production and inhibit flowering. But not like that. During the growing season, optimal temperatures are 65-70 Fahrenheit (18-21 C.) during the day and 50 F. (10 C.) at night. It has to reach a large size before it blooms, which takes about three to five years after germination. Propagation: Buy an established bird of paradise plant from your garden center, and propagate by dividing its rhizome during repotting. H1a - Under glass all year (>15C) H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15) H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10) H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5) Intro: The bird of paradise plant, also called crane flowers, is a large tropical plant native to South Africa that an easy plant to care for that is low-maintenance. Read on to find out how to overwinter your bird of paradise if you live in Zone 9, or are daring to grow the gorgeous birdlike blooms in Zone 8. Move the pot outdoors slowly for brief periods of time each day, and let the Bird of Paradise … Sometimes, outdoor bird of paradise plants need to be transplanted to a new location. This family loves drama, and it’s fantastic if you’re looking for stunning ornamentals to add to the garden. The bird of paradise plant can do well all year long in sunny and warm states such as Florida and California. If your plant is growing in a pot, it’s easy to move it indoors when you see a freeze warning in the forecast for your area. They usually bloom with unique flowers in winter or early spring. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. $0.00 0 0 $0.00 Sun Plants. The Bird of Paradise plant likes temperatures above 50 degrees F, so in most places it is better to grow it in a pot and keep the plant indoors during the winter and move outside in the summer. However, if the roots are coming out of the pot, it is probably time to consider repotting or division. If you live in a warm climate where temperatures stay above 40–50 °F (4–10 °C) most of the time, then you can leave the plants outside. Grow bird of paradise plant in a location that receives bright sunlight for optimal flower production or partial shade for the most attractive foliage. It’s hardy to 25-30 degrees F. The Bird Of Paradise grows in USDA zones 10-12 & also in zone 9 with protection from prolonged freezes. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. Cover the heap of mulch with breathable row cover material and stake it down. Backfill with soil and water thoroughly, until liquid drains out the bottom. Prolonged exposure will kill any flower buds, however. Birds-of-paradise are closely related to the corvids.Birds-of-paradise range in size from the king bird-of-paradise at 50 g (1.8 oz) and 15 cm (5.9 in) to the curl-crested manucode at 44 cm (17 in) and 430 g (15 oz). It’s not dead though. Growing Bird of Paradise Plants from Seed Bird of Paradise seeds must be sown while they are fresh, so plant them as soon as possible after harvesting Soak your seeds in room temperature water for 3-4 days prior to planting (Be sure to change the water daily!) 6 Solar powered for energy efficiency and easy operation, the Trendscape I bet the blooms that graced the sidewalk borders at my alma mater when they first wowed me ten years ago are still thriving to this day, because the gardeners there are absolutely excellent. We’ve got you covered. I bought a bird of paradise while out in San Diego about 17 yrs ago. You can still transplant it to a container. All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. My bird was hit by frost and all leaves are brown but stalks are green. Keep moist, however, good drainage is very important. If you live in Zones 8 or 9, consider planting your bird of paradise in a container the moment you bring it home from the nursery. //-->, Copyright 2010-2018, Garden Pests                     Â, Public Gardens                  Â, Plants for Shade                Â, Balcony Birds                    Â, How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise in Containers. If your plant is still young and relatively small, you can repot it each spring as it grows. It´s a beautiful plant, with great flowers, and doesn´t demand more care than the regular plants. Decide whether to grow it inside or outside. The minimum temperatures in these zones range between 30 to 40 degrees F. The bird of paradise grows well in zone 10 as well as zone 11, although it can survive in temperatures as low as 24 degrees F for brief periods. 4 Hawaiian Orange Bird Of Paradise Plants 4" Pot Grow Hawaii GROWING INSTRUCTIONS: Plant in a mixture of sandy loam. A little too tough, perhaps…. Bird of paradise can be grown indoors in areas where the temperature drops below 50 degrees F. Plant in a container and bring inside during the winter months. Fungal leaf spot may also occur. When grown in a container, they seem happiest and bloom best when they are slightly pot bound. Blooms last for about a week. When I first moved to southern California from Montana to attend university, I was amazed by the diverse array of stunning plants: the pink sprays of bougainvillea, the purple flush of jacaranda trees, the orange-tufted, sharp-beaked birds of paradise. Birds of paradise are fairly resilient, and can tolerate temperatures as low as 24 °F (−4 °C) for a short time. Make sure you continue watering your plant through the winter, unless you experience an actual freeze. The ideal temperature range for a bird of paradise indoors is 55 to 65 F at night and 65 to 70 F or warmer during the day. If you have any stories, tips, or questions about overwintering Strelitzia plants, drop me a line in the comments below. Instead, allow the soil to dry out in between watering sessions during the winter. Then, mark a 10-inch radius around the plant. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets. The Bird of Paradise plant likes temperatures above 50 degrees F, so in most places it is better to grow it in a pot and keep the plant indoors during the winter and move outside in the summer. Your plant will stay warm through the winter, and as soon as warmer temperatures arrive, you can free it of its little nest and let it regrow those lovely stems and leaves. Maintain a regular temperature of 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 50 to 55 degrees F at night. google_ad_width = 200; This is caused by the increased elevation and explains why the bird of paradise plant thrives in … Bird of paradise flowers well in a semi-cool temperature range of 17-27 °C. Bird of Paradise Leaves Curling: Wrong Location Because the bird of paradise plant is meant for tropical climates, it can suffer when brought to the wrong plant hardiness zone. As you would if you were overwintering the closely related banana plant, you need to cut the stem and leaves down to just 12 inches above the ground. Some say blossoms of the bird of paradise plant resemble the heads of tropical birds, but others say they look like brightly colored birds in full flight. You must be aware that the bird of paradise has its “active” season during spring and summer. Tease apart the tuber-like roots so they fan out over the soil. Aim for a pot that’s at least 12 inches wide and deep for a smaller plant, and one that’s at least 34 inches deep and wide for a larger one. All care instructions are the same for indoor birds of paradise, although mulching is not required. Be careful of drafts during the winter. Hardiness zones 10a and 10b are suitable for most bird of paradise plants. The ideal temperature for a bird of paradise plant ranges between 12 ºC and 25 ºC (53 ºF - 77 ºF). The split leaves that give the Bird of Paradise plant it’s bird-like morphology is scientifically believed to be purposeful leaf tearing or lobing of leaves to reduce drag in the wind. Live Help. High humidity is best, but it can tolerate little water once established. Keep it next to your sunniest windowsill, and move it outside again as soon as the temperatures allow – the plant is more likely to produce an attractive profusion of flowers if it is grown outdoors. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Fill the container with two parts potting soil and one part perlite. Grasp the stalk and carefully remove the plant, and place it directly into the waiting pot. This flower is best suited to USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, and it will struggle in anything colder. Plant the seeds about an inch deep and keep the potting mix moist and very warm (about 85° F.) Any temperature below 32°F can injure flowers and developing buds. 〈 Return to Blog Home Cut Flower Care and Handling: Bird of Paradise Posted on September 1, 2015 Author FLadmin2 Categories uncategorized Tags best practices, bird of paradise, Cut Flower Care and Handling, Cut Flower Hydration, Cut Flower Preparation, postharvest care, storage temperature. Because it does not require full sun, bird of paradise can be grown as a houseplant. The very lowest temperature that Strelitzia plants can handle is 24°F for just a short amount of time, according to Sydney Park Brown and Robert J. The plants can be heavily damaged when temperatures dip below 24 Fahrenheit (-4 C.). Place the plant in the pot and fan out the roots. Don’t worry too much about breaking pieces of root here and there – these plants are tough. A south-facing or west-facing window is best. Water: To care for the bird of paradise flower, use a rich, well-drained potting soil. Or maybe you live in Zone 8 or 9 and have planted a giant S. nicolai or S. alba that you can’t just pot up and bring inside. S. reginae can grow up to six feet tall and three feet wide, so keep this in mind when you purchase a container. There are several species of Strelizia, many of which are monster plants, so check the mature size and leave plenty of room for it to grow. Here is more about what we do. The bird of paradise should flower twice a year or more once it is mature.